NEPAL CONSTITUTION 2015 PDF
PDF generated: 17 Jan , Unofficial translation by Nepal Law Society, International IDEA, and UNDP. This complete constitution has. The Constitution of Nepal. Date of Publication in Nepal Gazette. 20 September (). Preamble: We, the Sovereign People of Nepal,. Internalizing the . Unofficial translation. CONSTITUTION OF NEPAL Constituent Assembly Secretariat. Singha Durbar. UNOFFICIAL TRANSLATION BY.
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Constitution of Nepal (official English translation by the Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs of Nepal). Download PDF. Constitution of Nepal . Adopted on: Entry into force: ISN: NPLC Bibliography: Unofficial English translation, PDF of Constitution in English PDF of. The Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal, Date of red seal and Gazette Publication: /11/1 (Section 8, additional issue 32). PREAMBLE. Whereas His.
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For the first time in the history of Nepal, it promulgated the Constitution on 20th September It was a rigorous exercise for Nepal which took the Constituent Assembly over eight years to complete.
The interim constitution of Nepal established a number of fundamental rights and guaranteed the full-fledged citizen-sovereignty. Among the major changes of this constitution is the introduction of a federal structure, although it is also social experiment for Nepal. Nepal has embarked on a bold new direction with its new Constitution covering socioeconomic, health, political and many other aspects of life of the people. This constitution has also enshrined health rights of many socially and culturally disadvantaged groups of people such as Dalits, people with disability, indigenous communities, and sexual and gender minority population.
नेपालको संबिधान २०७२
Similarly, families of martyrs, economically-disadvantaged people have been highlighted to be provided health care, education, having social security rights with priority. This indicates that the constitution aims to end inequalities in health outcomes as it emphasizes equity, which helps close gender and ethnic inequality gaps, and will have a significant impact on access to health care services.
Of the mentions to health two are legal clauses relating to law enforcement the protection of health, and setting rules for the protection of health, and the third mention in the Dutch constitution of health is about the Government taking measures to promote public health [ 3 ].
The fundamental rights and the directive principles in the constitution constitute a conscience of the nation. Article 51 which is about state policies focuses on the investments in the public health sector, access to quality health care services, promoting traditional medicine, increasing the health institutions and health care professions and insurance policy.
This constitution was promulgated on 30 March, by King Tribhuwan. It consisted of 7 parts, 73 articles and 3 schedules. The Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal, [ edit ] The Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal, followed the previously mentioned interim text. Despite the establishment of a bicameral parliament, the king continued to hold important powers such as the prerogative to appoint half of the members of the Senate and the suspension of parliament under certain circumstances.
This constitution was promulgated on 12 February, It consisted of 10 parts, 77 articles and 3 schedules.
Constitution of Nepal [ edit ] The democratic experiment was short-lived, as in a new constitution came in to eliminate political parties, and to introduce the so-called panchayat system. In this model, panchayats were councils organized at the local level, presumably to ensure the representation of citizens. However, the king exercised much stronger authority than in the regime. This constitution was promulgated on 16 December, by King Mahendra.
It consisted of 20 parts, 97 articles and 6 schedules.
The Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal, lifted the ban on political parties, described a democratic representative system where the authority of the king was curtailed, and enshrined fundamental rights. Although the constitution substantially increased the democratic character of the state in comparison with the Panchayat Regime, critiques have argued that this text did not adequately represent all sectors of society, even though Nepal is a multi-cultural country where diverse social groups coexist.
This constitution was promulgated on 9 November, by King Birendra.
It consisted of 23 parts, articles and 3 schedules. Nepal Interim Constitution, [ edit ] Again following the democracy movement in Nepal, Interim Constitution was promulgated in This constitution was promulgated on 15 January, It consisted of 25 parts, articles and 4 schedules.
It has articles on citizenship, fundamental rights, responsibilities, directive principles and policies of the State, the Executive, Legislature-Parliament, the Constituent Assembly, the legislative procedure, the financial procedure, the Judiciary, the Commission for the Investigation of Abuse of Authority, the Auditor General, the Public Service Commission, the Election Commission, the National Human Rights Commission, the Attorney General, structure of State and local self-governance, political parties, emergency powers, provisions regarding the army, amendment of the Constitution and transitional provisions.
Controversy over Constitution[ edit ] This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. November Learn how and when to remove this template message The promulgation of the new constitution was immediately followed by blockade by India in all checkpoints at Nepal-India border. Various Human Rights Activists and some ethnic groups in lowland Nepal have accused the Constitution of being gender discriminatory especially in regards to citizenship provisions.
They allege new constitution makes it difficult for woman to pass on citizenship to their children as compared to men. They are protesting mainly over the federal delineation of new states as proposed in the constitution fearing existing demarcation could affect their political representation.
With the protest ongoing since August 15, or earlier, at least 45 people, including 8 security personals and one Indian National, have been killed. Human Rights Watch has criticized the Nepal Government as well as the protesters for violation of human rights during the protest. Additionally, there is controversy over Nepalese citizenship rules, which Nepal deems to protect the state from being overwhelmed by Indian immigrants, and which India claims discriminates against Madhesis of Indian origins, the draft constitution and final constitution that passed differ on this issue.
Parts of the Constitution[ edit ] The Constitution has 35 parts which are as follows: 1. Preliminary part 1 3. Fundamental Rights and Duties Part 3 4.
Restructuring of the State and distribution of State power Part 5 6.
President and Vice-President Part 6 7. Federal Executive Part 7 8. Federal Parliament Part 8 9.
Constitution of Nepal
It remained under the influence of the East India Company for quite some time, and later its protectorate status of the Britain came to an end through a treaty between the Britain and Nepal. Its recorded constitutional history, in the contemporary sense, may be studied from , when, after the independence of India, the impact of the Indian Congress was felt in Nepal where a Nepalese Congress was already in the making.
The Kingdom was thus challenged by the democratic political forces. The tension essentially was between the kingdom and the democratic aspirations of the people. This culminated in the Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal in The Constitution did not last long.
The Constitution aimed at marginalizing the political parties.
The efforts did not sustain. The Nepalese enacted yet another Constitution in The Constitution attempted to transform the country from an absolute monarchy to the constitutional monarchy. It placed sovereignty in the people of Nepal.
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It also introduced a basic structure doctrine in the sense that three basic features in the Constitution were non-amendable: constitutional monarchy, multiparty democracy, and the sovereignty of the people.
These three features could only be amended by a supermajority process coupled with a national referendum. The office of Prime Minister was also established.
The parliament was bicameral. The arrangement did not last long due to palace massacre of , sacking of the government by the King and due to Maoist-led politics.
The net result was that in an agreement took place amongst all the political parties that decided, in principle, to end the monarchy and to have elections in It was also decided that the elected parliament will act as the Constituent Assembly for framing the new Constitution.
According to the Interim Constitution of , a unicameral parliament formed the First Constituent Assembly for Nepal.In the long run, it shall help promote impunity and undermine the principle of good governance. The two countries witnessed a plethora of constitutional developments.
Certiorari, date of decision: II, Sec. However, the new Constitution has preferred to call it as the Right to Religious Freedom as mentioned in Article The following provisions are bound to cast positive impacts in this regard.
Finally, the Interim 1 Dr.
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