olhon.info Fitness Computer Fundamentals Architecture And Organization By B Ram Pdf

COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS ARCHITECTURE AND ORGANIZATION BY B RAM PDF

Sunday, July 28, 2019


Computer Fundamentals Architecture and Organization - Ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read book online. for the fi rst course on computer organi zati on and archi tecture, whi ch i s taught at olhon.info, Semi conductor memori es are of two types: RAM (random access memory) and ROM ( read. 2. Computer fundamentals, architecture & organisation. by B Ram. Computer fundamentals, architecture & organisation. by B Ram. Print book. English. 2. Computer fundamentals, architecture & organisation. by B Ram · Computer Computer Fundamentals: Architecture and Organization. by Ram, B. Computer.


Computer Fundamentals Architecture And Organization By B Ram Pdf

Author:JACOB BOOMHOWER
Language:English, Spanish, Japanese
Country:Qatar
Genre:Children & Youth
Pages:751
Published (Last):02.08.2016
ISBN:590-5-29004-750-7
ePub File Size:16.33 MB
PDF File Size:9.10 MB
Distribution:Free* [*Regsitration Required]
Downloads:23128
Uploaded by: ABBEY

olhon.info Studio has finished writing Computer Fundamentals Architecture And. Organization By B Ram Pdf Free Download This is a most recent. Computer Fundamentals: Architecture & Organisation (4th ed.) by B. Ram. Read online, or download in secure PDF format. Computer Fundamentals book. Read reviews from world's largest community for readers.

Computer Fundamentals Architecture and Organization

The data densi ty of track tape i s about 40, characters per i nch. Optical Memory. I nformati on i s wri tten to or read from an opti cal di sk or tape usi ng l aser beam. Opti cal memory i s used as archi val and backup memory. Opti cal di sks are not sui tabl e for secondary memory because thei r access ti me i s more than that of hard di sks. Thei r advantage i s that they have very hi gh storage capaci ty. I t i s a read-onl y type memory.

Related titles

Thei r access ti me i s 80 ms. A typi cal val ue of track densi ty i s tracks per i nch. An i nput devi ce conver ts i nput i nfor mati on i nto sui tabl e bi nar y for m acceptabl e to a computer. The commonl y used i nput devi ce i s a keyboar d. Sever al i nput devi ces whi ch do not r equi r e typi ng of i nput i nfor mati on have been devel oped, for exampl e, mouse, joysti ck, l i ght pen, gr aphi c tabl et, touch scr een and tr ackbal l s.

Each of these al l ows user s to sel ect one of the i tems or i mages di spl ayed on the scr een. Ther efor e, these devi ces ar e cal l ed pointing devices. The r equi r ed i nput i s fed to the computer when contr ol button i s pr essed. I n i ndustr i al contr ol el ectr i cal si gnal s r epr esenti ng physi cal or el ectr i cal quanti ti es such as temper atur e, pr essur e, for ce, cur r ent, vol tage, fr equency, etc.

The sensor s, tr ansducer s and data acqui si ti on system act as i nput devi ces. Nowadays voi ce i nput systems have al so been devel oped. A mi cr ophone i s used as an i nput devi ce.

I n many appl i cati ons, computer s wi th vi si on ar e r equi r ed, for exampl e, r obots, computer -based secur i ty system, etc. The i nput systems for thi s type of computer s use opti cal system, semi conductor devi ces sensi ti ve to l i ght, devi ces based on ul tr asoni c waves, etc. Such i nput devi ces pr oduce di gi tal si gnal s cor r espondi ng to i mages, pi ctur es etc.

A mul ti medi a computer accepts i nput i n the for m of text, i mages, gr aphi cs and voi ce. The computer sends i nformati on to an output devi ce i n the bi nary form. An output devi ce converts i t i nto a sui tabl e form conveni ent to users such as pri nted form, di spl ay on a screen, voi ce output, etc. I n some appl i cati ons the computers output may al so be converted by an output uni t i n the form whi ch can be used as an i nput to other devi ces, equi pment, machi nes, etc.

Thi s i s parti cul arl y true i n i ndustri al appl i cati ons. The commonl y used output devi ces are CRT screen and pri nters.

Other output devi ces are LEDs l i ght emi tti ng di odes , LCDs l i qui d crystal di spl ays , pl asma di spl ays, pl otters, mi crofi l m, mi crofi che, speaker or tel ephone system, etc. Two types of di spl ay uni ts are avai l abl e: monochrome and col our moni tor. Monochrome moni tor di spl ays texts i n a si ngl e col our: bl ue, whi te, yel l ow or amber. A col our moni tor di spl ays text or graphi cs i n mul ti col our. For graphi cs di spl ay, screens of hi gher resol uti ons are requi red.

To provi de hi gher resol uti on, screens contai n more number of pi xel s to di spl ay text or i mages. These l i nes are meant to carry i nformati on. There are three types of buses: address bus, data bus and control bus.

The capaci ty of hard di sk dri ve uni t i s upto GB. A hard di sk uni t contai ns more than one pl atter.

Computer Fundamentals Architecture and Organization

Hard di sk control l ers are used to i nterface hard di sks to a processor. An exampl e of hard di sk control l er i s I ntel I t i s costl i er than I DE control l er. But peopl e cal l them control l ers. Magnetic Tape.

Magneti c tape i s a mass storage devi ce. I t i s used as back up storage. I t i s seri al access type storage devi ce. I ts mai n di sadvantage i s that i t stores i nformati on sequenti al l y. I t i s made up of pl asti c materi al. Earl i er, tapes used 9 tracks to store a byte wi th pari ty bi t. Today tapes use 18 or 36 tracks to store a word or doubl e word wi th pari ty bi ts. Newer tape i s packed i n cassette form whi ch i s cal l ed cartri dge tape.

The stori ng capaci ty i s 2 GB GB of compressed data. The data densi ty of track tape i s about 40, characters per i nch. Optical Memory. I nformati on i s wri tten to or read from an opti cal di sk or tape usi ng l aser beam. Opti cal memory i s used as archi val and backup memory.

Opti cal di sks are not sui tabl e for secondary memory because thei r access ti me i s more than that of hard di sks.

Thei r advantage i s that they have very hi gh storage capaci ty. I t i s a read-onl y type memory.

Thei r access ti me i s 80 ms. A typi cal val ue of track densi ty i s tracks per i nch. An i nput devi ce conver ts i nput i nfor mati on i nto sui tabl e bi nar y for m acceptabl e to a computer.

The commonl y used i nput devi ce i s a keyboar d.

Sever al i nput devi ces whi ch do not r equi r e typi ng of i nput i nfor mati on have been devel oped, for exampl e, mouse, joysti ck, l i ght pen, gr aphi c tabl et, touch scr een and tr ackbal l s. Each of these al l ows user s to sel ect one of the i tems or i mages di spl ayed on the scr een.

Ther efor e, these devi ces ar e cal l ed pointing devices. The r equi r ed i nput i s fed to the computer when contr ol button i s pr essed.

I n i ndustr i al contr ol el ectr i cal si gnal s r epr esenti ng physi cal or el ectr i cal quanti ti es such as temper atur e, pr essur e, for ce, cur r ent, vol tage, fr equency, etc. The sensor s, tr ansducer s and data acqui si ti on system act as i nput devi ces.

Nowadays voi ce i nput systems have al so been devel oped. A mi cr ophone i s used as an i nput devi ce. I n many appl i cati ons, computer s wi th vi si on ar e r equi r ed, for exampl e, r obots, computer -based secur i ty system, etc.Anubhav Dwivedi marked it as to-read Feb 18, A col our moni tor di spl ays text or graphi cs i n mul ti col our.

Nowadays voi ce i nput systems have al so been devel oped. Be the first to review this item Amazon Best Sellers Rank: Such i nput devi ces pr oduce di gi tal si gnal s cor r espondi ng to i mages, pi ctur es etc.

Product details Paperback Publisher: