GROSS ANATOMY PDF
1 LWBKC01_pindd 1 2/23/11 AM 2 BRS Gross Anatomy 2. Metaphysis □ Is a part of the diaphysis, the growth zone between the diaphysis. David A. Morton, Ph.D. (Gross Anatomy Course Director, School of Medicine) The gross anatomy course (ANAT ) is organized around a regional. Gross anatomy / Kyung Won Chung, Harold M. Chung, Nancy L. Halliday. .. Studies of gross anatomy can be approached in several different ways, including .
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First semester: Gross anatomy of the bones, joints and muscles, basic cytology, basic histology, integrated gross anatomy, cytology, histology and embryology. along the stinky stream, past the giant billboard for Dr Humayun's Hair Transplant . O Malalai of Maiwand,.. crammed t Interchange 4th Edition Level 1. PDF | On Apr 15, , Austin Doss and others published Gross Anatomy for Teacher Education (GATE): Educating the Anatomy Educator.
Label the resting muscle, contracting muscle, insertion, origin, and tendon a. Movement which ends with the palms down. Combination of multiple movements as in throwing a ball. Movement that twists the position of the bone along its longitudinal axis. Movement which makes you stand on your toes. Movement that allows you to look at the sole of your foot. Moving leg sideways, away from your body.
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Movement that decreases the angle of a joint like the elbow, finger, knee, or hip. Prime movers and antagonists work as opposites in a movement. Give an example: Prime mover: Does a synergist work with a prime mover or an antagonist? Give an example of a prime mover and a synergist: What would happen if we did not have fixators?
Location of the muscle b. This study was conducted in order to evaluate the traditional teaching method and reciprocal peer teaching RPT method during anatomy dissection. An observation tool for anatomy faculty was used to assess collaboration, professionalism and teaching skills among students.
Results Our results show that the mean performance of students on objective examinations was significantly higher after introduction of RPT compared to the performance before introduction of RPT [ Students with low performance prior to RPT benefited more in terms of examination performance compared to those who had higher performance [Mean difference 7.
The majority of faculty reported that the learning environment of the dissection groups was very active learning during RPT sessions and that professionalism was observed by most students during discussions.
Conclusions Introduction of RPT in our anatomy dissection laboratory was generally beneficial to both students and faculty. In most medical schools in Africa, including at the Catholic University of Health and Allied Sciences CUHAS , anatomical skills and knowledge are still being gained primarily through didactic lectures and complete dissection of the human body [ 2 — 4 ].
The use of cadavers in human Anatomy teaching requires an adequate number of Anatomy instructors who can provide close supervision of the students [ 5 ]. However, most schools across the world are facing shortage of qualified anatomists [ 6 — 11 ]. The shortage of qualified anatomists has forced training institutions to design various strategies aimed at educating the next generation of health professionals including, team-teaching gross anatomy, allow postdoctoral fellows to participate in teaching etc.
Reduction in time allocated for teaching anatomy has widely been reported among medical schools [ 1 , 5 , 12 ]. In many parts of the world, the practice of teaching anatomy through didactic lectures and complete dissection of the body has been minimized in order to streamline anatomy teaching with integration of clinical sciences [ 5 , 13 , 14 ].
This has been done through the addition of special study modules, integration of anatomy in problem-based learning, the use of prosected plastinated specimens, computer-generated images, plastic models and other teaching tools [ 13 , 14 ].
Traditionally, Anatomy in most medical schools has been taught at the beginning of medical education to provide a basis for clinical training and practice [ 1 ]. Despite being replaced by two- or three-dimensional virtual representations and computer-assisted learning programs, cadaver dissection has remained core to Anatomy teaching in most parts of the world [ 2 — 4 , 16 , 17 ].
They are roughly the size of your fist, and the male kidney is typically a bit larger than the female kidney. The kidneys are well vascularized, receiving about 25 percent of the cardiac output at rest.
There have never been sufficient kidney donations to provide a kidney to each person needing one. In this video, Dr. External Anatomy The left kidney is located at about the T12 to L3 vertebrae, whereas the right is lower due to slight displacement by the liver.
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Upper portions of the kidneys are somewhat protected by the eleventh and twelfth ribs Figure 1. Each kidney weighs about — g in males and — g in females. They are about 11—14 cm in length, 6 cm wide, and 4 cm thick, and are directly covered by a fibrous capsule composed of dense, irregular connective tissue that helps to hold their shape and protect them. This capsule is covered by a shock-absorbing layer of adipose tissue called the renal fat pad, which in turn is encompassed by a tough renal fascia.
The fascia and, to a lesser extent, the overlying peritoneum serve to firmly anchor the kidneys to the posterior abdominal wall in a retroperitoneal position.
The Big Picture Gross Anatomy PDF 2nd Edition Free Download
Figure 1. The kidneys are slightly protected by the ribs and are surrounded by fat for protection not shown. On the superior aspect of each kidney is the adrenal gland. The adrenal cortex directly influences renal function through the production of the hormone aldosterone to stimulate sodium reabsorption.
Internal Anatomy A frontal section through the kidney reveals an outer region called the renal cortex and an inner region called the medulla Figure 2.
The renal columns are connective tissue extensions that radiate downward from the cortex through the medulla to separate the most characteristic features of the medulla, the renal pyramids and renal papillae.
The papillae are bundles of collecting ducts that transport urine made by nephrons to the calyces of the kidney for excretion. The renal columns also serve to divide the kidney into 6—8 lobes and provide a supportive framework for vessels that enter and exit the cortex.
The pyramids and renal columns taken together constitute the kidney lobes.
Figure 2.March Make notes every time you dissect or learn from the cadaver. Typically, students are given a schedule of dissection through region by region using the guidance of a dissection manual Fig.
This is the only portal system in which an arteriole is found between the first and second capillary beds. Movement that decreases the angle of a joint like the elbow, finger, knee, or hip. Learn to make more of diagrams, examiners mostly stick to your presentation rather than your content, so a couple of diagrams and charts can help you win the race.
The two kidneys receive about 25 percent of cardiac output. A CD containing respective videos on osteology and soft parts for better orientation of these topics and FAQs with answers and diagrams for proper preparation for the examinations accompanies each volume.