TIME SAVER BOOK INTERIOR DESIGN
TIME SAVER STANDARDS FOR INTERIOR DESIGN. TIME SAVER STANDARDS FOR INTERIOR DESIGN AND SPACE PLANNING. Karl Ryan Candinato. Loading Preview. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. Time-Saver Standards for Interior Design and Space Planning [Joseph; Human Dimension & Interior Space: A Source Book of Design Reference Standards. +.
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Time-Saver Standards for Interior Design and Space Planning book. Read 14 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. The Silver Bible — th. The authority and abundance of this book are a testimony to the maturation of this Preface Time-Saver Standards for Interior Design and Space Planning is a. Exclusive rights by McGraw-Hill Book Co-Singapore for manufacture and. export. . Time-Saver Standards for Interior Design and Space Planning is a pro-.
Figure 1 deals primarily with some of the more male anthropometric considera- critical tions. A iavatory height above the floor of 37 to 43 in, or 94 to It should be noted, however, that common practice is to locate the iavatory in the neighborhood of 31 in above the floor. In order to establish the location of mirrors above the lavatory, eye height should be taken into consideration.
Figure 2 explores, in much the same manner, the anthropometric considerations related to women and children. Given the great variability in body sizes to be accommo- dated within a single family, a strong case can be presented forthe development of a height adjustment capability for the lavatory Until that is developed, there is no reason, on custom installations, why the architect or interior designer cannot take anthropometric measurements of the client to ensure proper interface between the user and the lavatory.
E 18 H J Minimum half-bath. Small, 3-fixture bathroom. The door is 32 wide for a person with a cane or crutches. This bathroom is too smaii for a wheelchair. Generous naif-bath. A wail-hung iavatory instead of a vanity 2 squeezes into 2'-6" width and Two-lavatory bathroom.
A 2-lavatory bathroom with adequate room at the toilet and each lavatory. Note 2 storage space under the lavatories and in a floor-to-ceiling unit. Corner toilet in a half-bath. Consider this idea for installing. Corner shower Separate tub and shower. A corner shower, toilet, and lavatory fit in 33 ft 2 Very little storage space 2 the 48" long vanity. This plan also includes a bidet. Storage is In ft available. Storage is. Four-fixtures, two compartments. Consider a pocket door Three people can use between the compartments.
Even with generous storage space it takes only 2 the same space as many non-compartmented bathrooms, about Corner square tub. Although not usually a space saver, a square tub fits some situations better than a rectangular one, This 3-fixture bathroom has excellent storage but is 2 only 59,5 ft.
Five fixtures, three compartments. Two doors to each compartment are undesirable. Limited storage space available. Large 3-fixture bathroom. With fixtures in separate compartments, this layout can replace a second bath by accommodating more than one person at a time. It is as large as two bathrooms but costs less because of fewer fixtures and less plumbing. BATH I. PlKll6ri- trf: Fig, 16 Typical details of a marble vanity-top installation.
Do not use oily putty or plumbing sealants with marble. T fjr 'gzm 0. Recommended use Recommended use Recommended use over wood or concrete subfloors in showers over well-braced dry, wood in showers over water-resistant gypsum studs, furring, or metal studs backing board on wood or metal studs.
Recommended uses for alteration of ceramic-tiled areas where modernization or a change of design is. Requirements existing installation must be sound, well bonded, and without major structural cracks. The height of a kitchen workcounter, the proper clearance between cabinets or ap- pliances for circulation, the accessibility to overhead or undercounter storage, and proper visibility are among the primary con- siderations in the design of cooking spaces, All must be responsive to human dimension and body size if the quality of interface between the user and the components of the interior space are to be adequate.
In estab- lishing clearances between counters, the maximum body breadth and depth of the user of larger body size must be taken into account as well as the projections of the appliances.
Refrigerator doors, cabinet draw- ers, dishwashing machine doors, and cabinet doors all project to some degree in their open position into the space within which the user must circulate and must be accommodated. Standard kitchen counter heights man- ufactured are all about 36 in, or But such a height does not necessarily accom- modate the body dimension of all users for all tasks.
Certain cooking activities, for exam- ple, may be more efficiently performed from a standing position, but with a counter height less than 36 in. The logical answer is the devel- opment of kitchen cabinet systems capable Fig.
Such asystem could accommodate not only those of smaller and larger body size, but also elderly and disabled people. Clearance between Appliances K Figures 2 and 3 illustrate the clearances related to range centers. Figure 2 indicates a minimum clearance between appliances of 48 or 1 21 9 cm.
The anthropometric basis in,. The i n, or 1 The standing figure shown in broken line, however, indicates both dimensionally and graphically that the in clearance will not permit comfortable circulation when ap- pliances on both sides are in operation at the same time. The range workzone clearance, aiso 40 in, is adequate to accommodate the open range door and the body size of the kneeling user An extremely important, but frequently overlooked, anthropometric consideration in kitchen design is eye height, In this regard, the distance from the top of the range to the underside of the hood should allow the rear burners to be visible to the user.
A 48 min, B 40 D F 15 min. M 30 Q 35 max. The U-shaped is the most efficient. It sometimes is closed off on one end, thereby creating a variation of the U-plan, which although small can produce a fairly comfortable kitchen, The broken U-shaped plan often results from the necessity of locating a door along one or two of the three walls of a typical U- shaped scheme.
The resulting through traffic reduces the compactness and efficiency of the plan. The typical L-shaped kitchen allows for the location of a small breakfast area in the opposite comer.
If dishwasher is desired, it should be located at sink center. If dishwasher is desired, It. If dishwasher Is desired, it should be located at sink center.
A triangle perimeter of 23'0" or less is usually indicative of a relatively efficient kitchen layout. Oven Sink Range Mixing Center.
For combined work centers. Space Criterion Mixing counter and base cabinet for storage wall, or work table is opposite a base The size of the kitchen should be determined electricalappliances and utensil storage. Work centers for the following equipment, cabinets, and space for their use Recommended minimum edge distance ited to kitchen work only Serving circulation Equipment should be placed to allow for to the dining area should be without any should be provided; efficient operating room between it and any cross traffic.
Range space with base and wall cabinet adjacent corner cabinet. At least 9 in from the at one side for serving and storage of utensils edge of the sink and range and 16 in at the Height of shelving and counter tops and staples. Sink and base cabinet with counter side of the refrigerator is recommended. Maximum height of wall shelving 74 in. Wall cabinets Circulation space A minimum of 40 in should Height of counter tops should be 36 in. Minimum clearance height between 3.
Refrigerator space with counter space pliances opposite each other. This same sink and wall cabinet 24 in; between base at latch side of the refrigerator door. KITCHEN STORAGE Each kitchen or kitchenette should have 1 accessible storage space for food and uten- width w in feet, times the sils, 2 sufficient space for the average depth d In feet, times the kitchen accessories, 3 sufficient storage space for those items of household equip- ment normally used and for which storage is not elsewhere provided.
Area of Corner Base Shelving 28" min. Height, Depth, and Spacing of Shelving and Countertop. Dimension B; 2 ft 0 in minimum when hood projection X is 18 in or more, or 1 ft 10 in min. Dimension C: Dimension D: Dimension E: Cabinet protection should be at least 14 in asbestos millboard covered with not less than gauge sheet metal 0.
L "H' 1. Above a a minimum of sink, plan for The use of large pans, pancake flips A range of 15 in. Since the wall behind a sink dictate a distance of 30 in. Opt for the 15 in. But wall if A fan mounted in the wall is the a wider span you're taller. The if. With the increased use of such Your need for light is greatest over eiectricai appliances, their storage becomes. A good light there a significant problem. General storage re- quires space for linens, towels, and kitchen reduces the danger of cutting your- supplies.
Included in this category are self; eases the task of monitoring color changes during a mix, and so on. A workable alternative is found in fixtures installed in an extended soffit.
Plan for light above a rangetop and over the sink, as well. Choose incandescent, deluxe warm white or deluxe cool white K!! Totai shelving in waii and base cabinets 24 30 Shelving in either wall or base cabinets 10 12 Drawer area 4 5 Countertop area 5 6 60 ft 2 Area and Over - Kitchen 1- and 2-bedroom living 3- and 4-bedroom living 2 2 Item units, ft units, ft.
Total shelving in wall and base cabinets 48 54 Shelving in either wall or base cabinets 18 20 Drawer area 8 10 Countertop area 10 Drawer and countertop space shall also be provided.
No room count is allowable for this type facility. W5II cabinets are available in heights of deep, not including doors. Most cabinets are available in widths ranging from 9" to 48;' in "- 3" increments. Framed wall cabinets are 12". Frameiess are 13Vfe" deep with doors. Most are 1 Four-drawer base cabinets are available in available in widths ranging from 9" to 48?
Frameless base cabinets are also deep, not including doors. Frameless base available in a three-drawer style in widths cabinets are 24 3A" deep, including doors. Most are available in widths of 24? Tilt-Out Range Hoods: Range Hoods: Base Open Shelves: In 12" and 24" Depths Oven Cabinets: DRWR 22 W' 1.
No Arched Door. No Center Medallion. V DRWR. L-Shown, 3" Filler included, must use to allow doors to clear. KWCWM 1. Ranges and Built-In Ovens Dishwashers This is particularly true of the side-by-side door configuration. In addition, adequate Freestanding ranges and built-in ovens come freestanding, and undersink dish- Built-in, clearance should be allowed between the in a variety of sizes and configurations.
Some washers are fairly well standardized in terms sides and top of the refrigerator and any of the larger ranges consist of modular of overall dimensions, Accessi to 'plumbing adjoining cabinetwork, especially if a built-in cooktops providing anywhere from two to and waste lines is the major consideration, as look is desired. The designer should check seven heating elements as well as modular is the method of securing the dishwasher in requirements with the manufacturer.
Normally, a preliminary planning, final dimensions and of 30" is required above any range or cooktop, Refrigerators clearance must be verified with the manufac- but the designer is cautioned to carefully Refrigerator door swings and clearances are turer. Often overlooked are clearances for verify local code requirements, Manufactur- of critical importance.
While a 90 door swing refrigerator handles or pulls as well as coils ers' specifications should be carefully re- may provide sufficient room for a person to mounted at the rear of the refrigerator viewed for rough opening requirements and observe storage within a refrigerator or any venting requirements, particularly for freezer, a door swing may be required to selfcleaning ovens. Dimensions shown are for planning purposes only.
Slde-HInged Door. Countertop or wall-mounted oven. Pull-out board preferred with side-opening door, Cabinets and Base Removed 3. Clear open space. Bottom-hinged door. The adaptable features are removable base cabinets at knee spaces and counters that can be adjusted in height or fixed at a lower than standard height, The adaptable features for kitchens spec- ified in the standards are shown in Figs, 13 and In Fig. In Fig, 14, the kitchen has been adapted by exposing the knee spaces and lowering the work surface and sink counter segments.
No other changes have been made to the kitchen, Since removable base cabinets and adjust- able height counters are not now products that are readily available for purchase, they are usually custom-made items,. Wheelchair Accessible Design. Sir shelves overhead cabinets. Work Surfaces People who use wheelchairs and other peo- ple who must or wish to sit down while preparing food need at least one work sur- face lower than the usual in-high counter lowered counter Fig. Work surfaces at ovens If a wall oven is installed, a lowered work surface with knee space should be installed next to the wall oven.
The standards specify that when the wall oven is not self cleaning, a knee space must be located next to the oven to permit a disabled person in a wheelchair to putt up close enough to clean the oven. Even if a self-cleaning oven is installed, locating the knee space next to the oven makes it easier and safer for a disabled person to remove hot items from the oven. When an oven with a side-opening door is used, a pull-out shelf located beneath the oven must be installed.
The shelf is used as a transfer surface for dishes as they are placed into or taken out of the oven. When not needed, the shelf is pushed back into the oven cabinet Fig.
When an oven with a drop-front door is used Fig, 21 , the pullout shelf is not needed because the door serves as a transfer shelf. See ANSI 4. ANSI 4. When the knee space is under a cooktop, with ANSI 4. The controls Cooktops with smooth surfaces are pre- the standards require that the bottom of the must be placed along the front or the side of ferred by people with limited hand and arm cooktop be insulated to protect against acci- the range so that a seated person need not strength because they can slide pots of hot dental burns.
People who high and there is no knee space for maneu- and knee space should be at least 30 inches pull up beneath the cooktop must exercise. Cooktops in lowered counter seg- and should provide space to the side of the extreme care and cool hot foods before ments with knee space below allow some cooktop for utensils and maneuvering.
An moving them. Volumes per Linear Foot of Shelf Based on Subject by which to design residential library Standard stack section 3 ft wide x 7H ft high with 7 shelves shelving or to project the number of books that can be accommodated on a unit base Volumes per foot Volumes per single.
Subject of shelf face section. The size of books, the types of books and Art excluding oversize 7 other reading materials, the reach limita- Nonfiction 8 tions of the user, etc. Economics 8 It is possible, however, for preliminary Fiction 8 planning purposes, to apply the broad General literature 7 guidelines indicated in Figs, 1 to 3, Seven History 7 volumes per foot of shelving can be used Law 4 84 as a rule-of-thumb to project capacity.
The Medical 5 height of the highest shelf above the floor should be limited to between 78 and 81 in; Periodicals, bound 5 24 in is the minimum height above the Public documents 5 floor to gain access to a shelf without Technical and scientific 6 squatting. Limitations for shelving to serve children will differ and are indicated in Fig. Average for overall estimating But if interiors are planned to accommodate large units of equipment such as that required for table tennis, and provide necessary playing clear- ances, spaces will be adequate for many other uses as well.
Dimensions of game equipment and floor areas required for its use are both subject to variation. Sizes noted here are comfortable averages, not absolute minima. Clearances for playing bridge.
S, commercial standard 5 x 10 U. Fig, 3 Arrangement of Ironing equipment based on flow of work, Fig. Space around Ironing board. Home laundry includes the processes from Work Total floor area, in sorting through ironing of clothes and house- Type and size of equipment Auxiliary equipment area, in Width Depth hold linens, including pretreating, washing, Stacked arrangement: Planning Suggestions 26 x 26 in; dryer, 31 x 26 in diameter 1 It is desirable to plan space for specific.
Straight-line arrangement: Basket, in 36 x 66 62 66 laundry processes, washer, 26 x 26 in; dryer, diameter 2. Moistureproof surfaces are needed for 31 x 26 in pretreating and sprinkling of clothes, 3. Drying areas should be accessible for use under all climatic conditions, 4.
To control moisture in the room, dryers Figures 1 and 2 illustratearrangements of space under the counters has been used for should be located to permit venting to the laundry equipment.
Space needed by a sin- bins, one for soiled clothing and the other for outside of the house, gle worker in front of equipment or between dry, clean articles that require further treat- 5. Adequate storage for washing equip- equipment placed opposite is indicated.
Additional coun- ment and supplies should be located near the Overall dimensions of areas will vary with ter space can be provided by the tops of the place of first use. No dryer and washer, depending upon the type 6.
In locating the washing equipment con- plumbing, and dryer vent connections, The would complement each arrangement. In sideration should be given to convenience of space required will depend on the type of this cabinet, an ironing board, iron, mops, and inter-related household activities, distances installation used. Scale 1: If the space in front of the automatic washer and dryer Is a corridor, this dimension should be increased to at least mm 4 ft , This will permit a second person to pass through when someone is doing the laundry.
If a washer and dryer are located opposite each other, this dimension should also be mm 4 ft. I V Fig. The laundry area may be separate or combined with the bathroom, the kitchen, the utility space, or the corridor.
The most frequently mentioned advantages and disadvantages of these various options are listed below. Advantages A separatespace can be used for other activitiessuch as sewing and hobbies, if it is large enough. Clothes may be hung for air drying without interfering with other household activities.
Noise from laundry appliances can be shut off from the rest of the dwelling. Temporary holding or storage of clothing to be washed or ironed is made easier.
Disadvantages Providing this extra room increases the cost of the dwelling. DRYER room.
Time-Saver Standards for Interior Design and Space Planning
Fioor and waii finishes in bathrooms are usually resistant to high humidities. Usually, additional plumbing costs are minimal. The bathroom sink may be used for hand washing. Mechanical ventilation can be provided economically for both functions.
Disadvantages A bathroom will usually accommodate only washing and drying facilities. Other laundry related activities such as ironing, will have to be carried out elsewhere in the dwelling. Occupants may wish to use the bathroom when laundry is being washed or dried. Laundry in Combination with Kitchen Advantages Suitable in housing for young families because the person doing the laundry can keep an eye on the washing machine while doing other jobs and supervising the children.
Direct access to the outside for clothes drying is likely to be easier than from laun- dries located in a basement or on a second storey Kitchen sinks are usually sizeable and can be used for laundering.
Additional plumbing costs are usually small. Disadvantages Danger of cross-contamination through the handling of dirty washing during food preparation. Grease and cooking smells can be passed on to clean clothes. Noise generated by running appliances cannot easily be shut off from the rest of the dwelling. Space In Basement Advantages Generally as much space as needed can be provided. Noise generated by running appliances can be easily shut off from the rest of the dwelling.
Disadvantages Laundry must be carried up and down although automatic dryers have eased stairs, the problem of carrying heavy baskets of damp clothes to outdoor clotheslines. Advantages The space is used more economically Fig. The space above the appliances may be used as a linen closet. The appliances can be hidden from sight when they are not in use; they can be recessed into the wall and enclosed with doors.
Disadvantages Noise generated by running appliances cannot be easily shut off from the rest of the dwelling. An alcove adjacent to a corridor will accommodate only a minimum-sized laundry area.
Other laundry related activities, such as ironing, will have to be carried out elsewhere in the dwelling. The sequence of laundering operations de- termines the planning of space and facilities and the placing of equipment. Convenience and time-and-step saving are easily achieved by placing the elements in their natural order of use: An area especially planned for sewing, Dimensions, in.
Working surface 2. Most houses need storage space for Length 56 72 sewing materials and equipment. The amount and kind of storage required varies Width according to the quality and frequency of Table, free-standing 28 36 sewing. Table obstructed on one side 28 32 3. A minimum sewing area should include Height range 36 median the machine, auxiliary work surfaces, a chair Clearance for worker 18 24 that permits freedom of motion, and storage arrangements.
Viewing in mirror: Consideration should be given to work surfaces at comfortable heights for the vary Mirror dimensions, in. Width 16 18 5. Light should be adequate for the Length 42 60 activity. Top to floor 70 72 Clearance in front of mirror ft. CLO T J. Figures 1 and 2 show the vertical clear- ances related to male and female closet and storage facilities.
Wherever possible or prac- the closet shelf should be located within tical, human reach. The height shown for the high shelf has been established based on fifth percentile male and female data in order to place it within reach of individuals of smaller body size.
Any shelf located at a greater distance should be used primarily for storage that requires only Infrequent access. The location of the shelf just above the rod is Lengths. The Reach. Figure 3 illustrates two various types of Comfortable.
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Undoubtably, it can be argued that the in, or The degree to which this dimension can be reduced is a question of the ievei of Also. The two drawings of the plan view of the human figure illustrate clearances required for don- ning a coat or putting on a pair of stockings. Fig, 1 Closet and storage facilities: A wider access space within the children's clothing. Three closet may be used as a dressing area. Shelf Space and Lighting Reach-in closet The minimum front-to-back 68 mjn.
The rod, and another shelf may be located 12" accessible rod length is equal to the width of higher Shelves higher than the rod may also the door opening plus 6" on each side. A fluorescent fixture over the door is recommended for lighting a closet. Deluxe cool white tubes match daylight for selecting clothes.
This requires less wall space than a full 24" by 60" front opening. For single-occupancy bedrooms: This diagram shows dimensions for rods, shelves, and drawers to hold underwear, sweaters, shoes, hats, purses, and ties. Research shows that each person needs at least 48 inches of rod space for hanging clothing. Allowance Allowance per garment, per garment, Men's garments in Women's garments in.
Heavy jackets and coats 3 Coats and jackets: Medium-weight jackets, coats, and raincoats 2 Heavy 3 Sweaters, light-weight jackets, and raincoats 1 Medium 2 Work pants: Light 1. Other garments: Suit jackets, other jackets, shirts Blouses, jackets Trousers; Skirts, medium and short coats Folded over hanger Dresses, long coats, short robes FuJ!
CPU- II. Optional Optional full-height m baskets and door door storage rack. Center pole Optional door racks gives extra support. Top View storing household Make a clean sweep cleaning items just of cleaning with full- where you need them. Storage baskets pjfttiritittttlj detergents and pack brushes, cloths brushes. Wide storage and sundry items.
Single and hang with upper double hang with storage, center pole upper storage and support and shoe central shelving racks. The perfect for coats and other his and hers closet. Extra wide shelf Double hanging space for clothing, convenience for linen and blankets in shorter garments. Full shelves with Plus lots of room for central storage unit her long dresses and allow easy storage coats his shirts, of sweaters, boots, suits and slacks.
Shoe sports equipment, racks on both sides. Tailor-made for couples with a 2nd bedroom. Double hanging with lower hang with shoe rack shelving height. Slid- and off-center pole ing basket system support. Plenty room.
Extra low- of storage space hanging shelf makes for footballs, beach it easy for kids to equipment, basket- reach. Stores toys and balls, skates and sports equipment in other cumbersome easy-access sliding items. Doubles as baskets. Shoe rack storage area for keeps sneakers and dresses and coats. The perfect K.
Full- clothing with care. Off-center and small cases. Shelves, shoe racks and generous hang- ing space lets guests Wall Dimension know they're welcome. Door Opening Door Opening. Single hang Walk-In. Top View Tbp View Keeps shoes, shirts Hang dresses and and clothing neatly coats on one side, organized. Sliding and shorter gar- suits baskets for easy ments on the other. Full- actually replaces a length clothes storage piece of furniture in for dresses, shirts the master bedroom!
Ideal for master bedroom. Front View Front View Single hang with Single hang with upper storage and upper storage and central shelving and full-width shoe basket unit, addi- racks. Single hanging So well designed it for clothes, coats, actually replaces a shirts and jackets. Expands easily to Four sliding baskets accommodate future provide multiple needs. Two full- storage capacity for length shoe racks.
Full-length clothes hanging space, full- width shoe racks and TFrrffTfrrn. The amount of office space built during the past few decades can be measured in the hundreds of billions of square feet.
Within these buildings, workers spend nearly half their waking hours and a third of their entire lives. Over the life span of a typical office building, the same spaces may be occupied by a succession of different tenants, each with their own program- matic requirements. Consequently, interior spaces may be recycled and. In many instances redesign may be necessitated solely by the effect of technological change on the methodology of transacting business. Moreover, the escalating costs of land acquisition and construction and the increasing scarcity of urban building sites make it essential that the redesign reflects an efficient, cost-effective utilization of space, as well as one that is responsive to the human factors involved, It is necessary, therefore, for the designer to be familiar not only with the general planning criteria.
Accordingly, this section includes general planning criteria and examples of actual working drawings of typical interior conditions, prepared by various design professionals. The details alluded to include such items as trading desks, elevated computer floors, library furniture, built-in storage cabinets, work counters, wall paneling, vanities, reception desks, and conference room elements. Also included are illustrations and dimensional data pertaining to typical office furniture, equipment, and electronic media storage.
Basic Workstations. The so-called general office takes on a ters, credenzas, etc. In its edge of architectural woodworking, as may accommodate both the buttock-knee and simplest variation it may be nothing more be related to the design of such elements, buttock-toe length body dimensions of the complex than several standard desks with can be quite helpful.
If an overhang is provided or the returns located within a room or space. In its Accordingly, this part includes basic plan- desk's modesty panel is recessed, the visitor more sophisticated and ergonomically de- ning criteria for general office design, in seating zone can be reduced due to the signed form, the genera!
Time-Saver Standards for Interior Design and Space Planning, Second Edition
The workstations include desk surfaces, general office spaces. The systems understanding the anthropometric consid- tion. The worktask zone must be additional space is needed to allow for Provision for power and lighting is quite large enough to accommodate the paper- drawer extension of the lateral file, Not only common. In no case should between this unit and that of the primary where applicable, of the visitor seating to be this distance be less than the 30 in, or B 76 2 - C 76 2 - E 4 - F 76 2 - G 35 6 - H 40 6 - J 45 7 - L 4 - M 61 0 - N 73 7 - M in cm aaaoaaaoappa Workstation Zone A F The Nonautomated Task.
Square footage Open Screened nonautomated workstation standards for the No requirement of equipment or task for Privacy required for reading, working, thinking, task are developed primarily according to task privacy, concentration calculating, meetings, confidential phone calls, profile, equipment, conferencing, and privacy elimination of visual and acoustical distractions requirements.
Task Profile: Processing paper on work surface with quick turnaround. Continued flow of material is processed as it arrives at the workspace and is passed on to either another function or to group storage. Storage for permanent files and reference materials minimal. Reference material accessed Telephone tasks infrequently. Primary work surface 76 x cm No Secondary work surface Filedrawers Shelves. Task Profiie: Typewriter the primary tool forprocessing paper. Continued flow of materia!
Reference material access may be frequent. Tasks may require Guest chair concentration. Typewriter the primary processing paper. Reference materia! Tasks may require concentration. Limited conferenc- ing required at the workspace. Guest chair Primary work surface Need see and hear co-workers to Secondary work surface or subordinates of secondary File drawers priority. The Nonautomated Task Open Screened No requirement of equipment or task for Privacy required for reading, working, thinking, privacy, concentration calculating, meetings, confidential phone calls,.
Same as 1 with addition of extended conferencing requirements at individual work- station. Same as 3 with addition of extended conferencing requirements at individual work- station. Data Entry.
Limited volume of supplies and permanent records kept at the workspace. Electronic equipment used for. Office Spaces.
Multiple Wortetatinns. Size ofworksurface, length and depth o! Clustering of workstations will ultimately result in the use of less floor area, but at the expense of major ergonomic considerations. Decisions relative to both acoustical privacy and personal space are often sacrificed in the name of economy. Multiple Workstations. Multiple workstations can result in effi- cient utilization of space and sharing of expensive computer terminals and equip- ment.
If use of computer terminals is inten- sive, individual CRTs should be provided. Figures 5, 6, and 7 each show eight worksta- tions, yet the setups range in area from 2 to ft. Furniture size, function, and ergonomic considerations all affect setup. It is not unusual to have two or more persons share an enclosed office space. In planning this type of office space, both circulation and clearance become critically important. Door swings, the extension of file drawers, and points of entry must aii be carefully considered.
Such a The design of the private office requires a in cm situation which shows a knowledge of the basic dimensionaJ require- is illustrated in Fig. Such a desk is often station and, where applicable, of visitor seat- A While a minimum.
Desks are also available in generally carefully. It these standard is K Figure illustrates the range of Providing for the appropriate leg clearance of 1. N Many private executive offices are being Buttock-knee length must also be designed with desks that do not conform 0 P Line of Wall Or Obstruction.
A C The private offices illustrated in Figs. Each office layout should be carefully re- viewed with the client to ensure that all programmatic functions have been met. Of- fices of this size do not easily accommodate an independent conference function. These architectural working drawings reflect the custom design of a storage wall lor a partner in a law office. Careful analysis shows the Incorporation of file, book, and coat storage within afloor-to-celiing mahogany wood unit.
R'6 hjftteJALL-. The incorporation of an undercabinet task light Is almost always required.
Many private offices require the detailing of custom credenzas and storage units. The sophistication and complexity of such details can significantly influence the budget for the space as well as the time of installation.
Figure 25 represents a "high-end" approach, while Fig. New electronic technologies, together the head, measured with the subject sitting Buttock-heel length is the horizontal with the advent and proliferation of the relaxed.
The surface. This is sometimes referred to ergonomic considerations related to this new Shoulder height is the distance taken as buttock-leg length. It is essential that the design of Shoulder breadth is the maximum hori- tended vertically. Vertical grip reach is usually measured human factors in order to avoid physical Elbow to elbow the distance across is from the grasped in floor to the top of a bar discomfort for the user.
The location of the the lateral surfaces of the elbows measured the right hand while the subject stands erect keyboard, angle of the visual display terminal, with elbows flexed and resting lightly against and the hand within which the bar is grasped adjustability of the chair, field of vision, provi- the body with the forearms extended is raised as high as it can be conveniently.
Note that a hip breadth measurement of a bar grasped in the right hand while the a variety of anthropometric and ergonomic can also be taken with the subject in a subject stands erect and the arm is conve- planning data and details for use as reference standing position, in which case the defini- niently outstretched horizontally without ex- in the design of the electronic workstation.
Figure 1 illustrates guidelines for use in lower torso. Thumb tip reach is the distance from establishing preliminary design assumptions Elbow rest height is the height from the the wail to the tip of the thumb measured for a workstation display console. Since the top of the sitting surface to the bottom of the with the subject's shoulders against the wall, types of displays and the nature of the tasks tip of the elbow.
Certain basic factors abdomen intersect. Anterior should be noted anthropometricaliy. The use Knee height is the vertical distance points are usually located on the chest or of an adjustable chair will permit the eye from the midpoint of the kneecap. An adjust- the portion of the thigh just behind the knee imum distance, including arms, across the ment range between 1 5 and 1 8 in, or Adjustability, back of the knees barely touching the sitting in cm however, will be of little value if the vertical surface.
B 16 min. If such distance is not ess than D adjust. Buttock-toe length is the horizontal dis- tance from the rearmost surface of the E The location of the display of the top should align with the standard sight line for buttocks to the tip of the toe. Since the eye and the head can rotate within certain limita- tions and, in so doing, increase the area that can be scanned, displays can be located above the standard sight fine when abso- lutely necessary should also be noted that It.
Accordingly, consideration should be given to sloping the display plane since the normal sight line is about 1 5 below the horizontal. Stature is the vertical distance from the floor to the top of the head, measured while the subject stands erect, looking straight ahead. Elbow height is the distance measured vertically from the floor to the depression formed at the elbow where the forearm meets the upper arm. Eye height is the vertical distance from the floor to the inner corner of the eye, measured with the subject looking straight ahead and standing erect.
Sitting height erect is the vertical dis- tance from the sitting surface to the top of the head with the subject sitting erect. Sitting height normal is the vertical dis- tance from the sitting surface to the top of Fig. The work surface must be tilted any- where between a horizontal position to 35 below horizontal.
The work surface, at its lowest setting and with a 10 tilted angle, as iscommon in use, must be The work surface must raise to a hori- zontal height of cm, accommodating a majority of people in a standing position. The monitor screens must be tiltable to any position between 15 forward of vertical and 15 back. This lets the user adjust the screen to avoid reflective glare, and it accom- modates various working positions of differ- ent lines of sight. Adjustment controls designed for hand operation must be located within the oper- ator's extended reach envelope.
All surfaces must have matte or dull finishes. This reduces the likelihood of re- flective glare. The workstation must be compact and relatively easy to move through a standard 81 -cm doorway. No structural components shall exist which the workstation b operation by inhibit users in wheelchairs, ensuring a barrier-free workstation. Service personnel must have easy ac- cess to electrical components.
The digitizing surface must accommo- date standard European and American D size drawings. Screen depth of view must allow alpha- numeric characters to be viewed at an angle between 20 and 28 arc minutes.
The Automated Task.
Data Retrieval. Multiple reference sources may be used on a task. Reference materials used frequently, Limited volume of supplies and permanent records kept at the workspace. Electronic equipment may be used for easy reference, retrieval, keeping records current, and maintaining data and records. Additional equipment such as microfilm viewers may be required. Guest chair 45x45 Primary work surface Ability to see and hear co-workers may be 30x45 Secondary work surface desirable.
Shared Tasks. More than one task may be performed concur- rently. More than one operator uses same equipment 4. Reference materials used may be used fre-. Guest chair Storage requirements vary according to task. Primary work surface Secondary work surface. File drawers Shelves 81 sq.
Reference materials used frequently. If supervising, ability to see subordinates may be desirable to direct activities. No Guest chair If monitoring, visual access may be desirable. The Automated Task Open Screened No requirement of equipment or task for Privacy required for reading, working, thinking,. More than one task performed concurrently. Electronic equipment may be used for easy reference, retrieval, keeping records current Tasks are complex enough to require concentration.
Extensive use of telephone and additional equipment such as desk-top printer and micro- viewer may be required, film Need to see and hear co-workers is secondary priority, Guest chair Primary work surface Limited conferencing required at workspace, Secondary work surface If supervising, ability to see subordinates may File drawers be aesirabie to direct activities, Shelves If monitoring, visual access may be desirable, 80 sq.
Word Processing. Time divided among administrative, processing paper, material, or information, More than one task may be performed concur- rently. Reference materials moderate but used fre-. Ability to see and hear co-workers or subordi- nates is desirable. Time divided among administrative, processing paper, material, or information, and limited conferencing at workspace, a More than one task may be performed concur- rently.
Tasks are complex enough to require concentra- tion for analysis, or heavy equipment operations 30 x 45 Secondary work surface require acoustical screening. The Automated Task Open Screened No requirement of equipment or task for Privacy required for reading, working, thinking, privacy, concentration calculating, meetings, confidential phone calls, elimination of visual and acoustical distractions.
Time divided among administrative, processing paper, material, or information, and limited conferencing at workspace. Reference materials may be extensive and used frequently. Ability to see and hear co-workers or subordi- nates desirable. Typewriter and electronic equipment VDT, 1 Guest. Extensive conferencing at individual workspace. Analysis of reports, computerized materials, and so on. Varied tasks or projects performed simultane- ously on an ongoing basis.
Large amounts of storage extensively used. Telephone used extensively. Supervision of subordinates almost universal. Electronic equipment accommodation is secondary priority, used primarily for communl-. Varied tasks on projects performed simultane- ously on an ongoing basis. Subject matter of job responsibilities requires confidentiality. With little, if any, margin for error when designing and detailing multiple workstations of this type, a tull-slze mockup ts always required. Table Sizes and Seating Capacities.
Consideration must be given to clearances and circulation around the larger conference table, as indicated in Figs. A mini- mum of 48 in, or 1 This dimension under ordinary circumstance aiiows for a circulation zone beyond the sitting zone of 30 to 36 in, or The greater dimension is recommended to allow for the chair in a pulled-out position.
The actual dimensions of the conference table are a function of the number of people to be seated. The square table illustrated in Fig. The larger dimension is more appropriate to accommodate people of larger body size and to allow for a more generous work zone for each person.
This translates into 30 in, or Ihe circular tabie shown in Fig. To accommodate both sitting zone and circulation zone, a space with a radius ranging from 72 to 81 in, or Round conference tables offer the advan- tages of intimacy, "equality " and compactr ness. On the other hand, if status is an issue, or if one wall within the space is an au- diovisual wall, this table shape can be less than satisfactory. The same problems can arise with a square conference table.
In both Instances, however, the total seating around each table shape must be viewed in the context of chair size, chair spacing, and tasks to be performed at the table. Minimum w L Seating Room Size. Y" 18 Y"'x They are useful in client discussions and In making preliminary area allocations. Chair size and circulation areas behind the chairs will, of course, cause overall dimensions to vary.
Other edge details could be made Fingers, of marble, granite, or even leather hands, and arms make intimate '! J cotfcme peueL-. Custom credenza units are often designed to complement the details of a conference table.
They serve multiple functions, includ- ing storage, incorporation of electronic media equipment, display and as a work surface. In addition, architectural woodwork used to is. It is important for. Reception spaces are both the first and last areas with which the visitor interacts and, accordingly have considerable visual impact in communicating that image. Not only must the reception space look attractive,but it must function properly as wefl.
The two most important planning ele- ments in this regard are the visitor's seating area and the receptionist's workstation or desk. While most of the examples in this part are drawn from corporate interiors, the designer isurged to take into consideration the needs of special user groups who must interact with a receptionist.
If small children are to commu- nicate or see or be seen , how high is the privacy wall? If a wheelchair-bound user is to approach the reception desk, is there room for the footrests to be accommodated? Show related SlideShares at end. WordPress Shortcode. Published in: Full Name Comment goes here.
Are you sure you want to Yes No. Be the first to like this. No Downloads. Views Total views. Actions Shares. Embeds 0 No embeds. No notes for slide. Book details Author: Joseph Dechiara Pages: McGraw-Hill Education Language: English ISBN Description this book Interior designers, architects, and other design professionals can now locate, in a comprehensive single-source reference, a wealth of information related to the design and planning of residential and commercial interiors.
Time-Saver Standards for Interior Design and Space Planning [PDF] Interior designers, architects, and other design professionals can now locate, in a comprehensive single-source reference, a wealth of information related to the design and planning of residential and commercial interiors. If you want to download this book, click link in the last page 5. You just clipped your first slide! Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.
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Cancel Save.Rylle Valdez rated it it was amazing Sep 04, Since the wall behind a sink dictate a distance of 30 in. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Where other woods were the early Directoire part of the period In home some new decorative motif which he used, their nature was concealed by staining fabrics were quite delicately colored, the would turn over to his craftsmen for use in 26 to imitate the more popular species.
It is this that makes the handbook particularly useful to the interior designer, architect, and student alike. Tile Council of America, Inc.
So the sofa is upholstered in Htriped satin, the armchair in yellow Venetian brocade, Fabrics for curtains and upholstery the wing chair in a printed linen. Some of the smaller pieces are inlaid with satinwood.
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