TOM SAWYER STORY PDF
The Adventures of Tom Sawyer. PREFACE. MOST of the adventures recorded in this book really occurred; one or two were experiences of my own, the rest. in this book really happened. One or two were my own experiences. The others were experiences of boys in my school. Huck Finn really lived. Tom Sawyer is. Page 1. Page 2. Page 3. Page 4. Page 5. Page 6. Page 7. Page 8. Page 9. Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page
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This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. PDF version of The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain. Apple, Android and To read the whole book, please download the full eBook PDF. If a preview . The Adventures of Tom Sawyer is a thoroughly entertaining and charming story. I just read it for the first time (at age 50) and can't believe that I missed out for all.
While wandering the streets of St. Petersburg, his town, he encounters a newcomer, a boy his own age who appears overdressed and arrogant. Tom and the new arrival exchange insults for a while and then begin wrestling. Tom overcomes his antagonist and eventually chases the newcomer all the way home. When he returns home in the evening, Tom finds Aunt Polly waiting for him. She notices his dirtied clothes and resolves to make him work the next day, a Saturday, as punishment.
Jim passes by, and Tom tries to get him to do some of the whitewashing in return for a white alley, a kind of marble.
Jim almost agrees, but Aunt Polly appears and chases him off, leaving Tom alone with his labor. A little while later, Ben Rogers, another boy Toms age, walks by. Tom convinces Ben that whitewashing a fence is great pleasure, and after some bargaining, Ben agrees to give Tom his apple in exchange for the privilege of working on the fence. Over the course of the day, every boy who passes ends up staying to whitewash, and each one gives Tom something in exchange.
By the time the fence has three coats, Tom has collected a hoard of miscellaneous treasures. Tom muses that all it takes to make someone want something is to make that thing hard to get. SummaryChapter 3: Busy at War and Love Aunt Polly is pleasantly surprised to find the work done, and she allows Tom to go out in the late afternoon. On his way, he pelts Sid with clods of dirt in revenge for his treachery in the matter of the shirt collar.
He then hastens to the town square, where a group of boys are fighting a mock battle. Tom and his friend Joe Harper act as generals. Toms army wins the battle. On his way home for dinner, Tom passes the Thatcher house and catches sight of a beautiful girl. He falls head over heels in love with her. Quickly forgetting his last love, a girl named Amy Lawrence, Tom spends the rest of the afternoon showing off on the street.
The girl tosses him a flower, and, after some more showing off, Tom reluctantly returns home. At dinner, Sid breaks the sugar bowl, and Tom is blamed. Toms mood changes, and he wanders out after dinner feeling mistreated and melodramatic, imagining how sorry Aunt Polly would be if he turned up dead. Eventually, he finds his way back to the beautiful girls house and prepares to die pitifully beneath her window. Just then, a maid opens the window and dumps a pitcher of water on his head.
Tom scurries home and goes to bed as Sid watches in silence. Tom and Aunt Pollys initial confrontation quickly characterizes Tom as clever enough to escape punishment and Aunt Polly as someone who threatens harsh discipline but who, for all her bluster, is really quite fond of her nephew.
Every time I hit him, she says, my old heart most breaks. Aunt Polly knows that she must discipline Tom in order to help him mature successfully into responsible adulthood, but there is a part of her that balks at impinging on the freedom of such a creative and headstrong child. That the softhearted Aunt Polly is Toms only authority figure in the home explains Toms relatively large degree of freedom.
Huckleberry Finn, the son of the town drunk, offers an even more extreme example of a child who lives outside of the normal structures of authority, whether parental, social, or legal. By depicting the fighting, playing, and trading in which the children engage as elaborate rituals, Twain emphasizes that the world of childhood is governed by its own social rules, which serve as a kind of practice for, and microcosm of, adulthood.
The reality of the surrounding adult social world manifests itself in the brief appearance of the slave boy, Jim, abruptly reminding us that the novel is set in the slaveholding South. Unlike Twains later novel Huckleberry Finn, however, slavery and criticism of slavery exist in Tom Sawyer only in the background; Toms idyllic childhood adventures remain the novels focus. The scene in which Tom persuades his peers to do all his whitewashing work establishes Toms position as a leader among his peers and as an initiative-taking mastermind.
Though a troublemaker, Tom at times presents a hint of maturity that his comrades lack. Joe Harper, Toms friend who acts as the opposing general in the mock battle, serves as a sidekick throughout the novel, mostly following Toms lead. Because of his comparatively dull nature and flat characterization, Joe highlights Toms vibrancy. Sid, Toms half-brother, is presented as Toms oppositewhereas Tom is a mischief-maker with a noble heart, Sid is a well-behaved child whose heart is basically evil.
Toms pursuit of his Adored Unknown we find out later that the girls name is Becky Thatcher also helps to pinpoint his level of maturity. The fact that he is interested in a girl shows him to be mature compared to his friends, but his showing off for Becky, along with his melodramatic desire to die under her window after Aunt Polly falsely blames him for breaking the sugar bowl, spring from the sensitivity and sensibility of a young boy.
Furthermore, the fluidity of Toms imaginationhe moves with ease from one game or occupation to the nexttestifies to his youthful manner of experiencing the world.
Walters fell to showing off, with all sorts of official bustlings and activities. The librarian showed off. The young lady teachers showed off.
The Adventures of Tom Sawyer
The little girls showed off in various ways, and the little boys showed off. As Tom struggles halfheartedly to learn his Bible verses, Mary encourages and entices him with the promise of something ever so nice.
Toms work ethic then improves, and he manages to memorize the verses. Mary gives him a Barlow knife as reward. Tom then dresses for church, and he, Mary, and Sid hurry off to Sunday school, which Tom loathes.
Before class begins, Tom trades all the spoils he has gained from his whitewashing scam for tickets. The tickets are given as rewards for well-recited Bible verses, and a student who has memorized two thousand verses and received the appropriate tickets can trade them in for a copy of the Bible, awarded with honor in front of the entire class.
The judges family includes his daughter, Beckythe beautiful girl Tom notices the previous afternoon. The class treats the judge as a celebritythe students, teachers, and superintendent make a great attempt at showing off for him. As usual, Tom is the best show-offby trading for tickets before class, Tom has accumulated enough to earn a Bible. Walters, Toms Sunday school teacher, is flabbergasted when Tom approaches with the tickets. He knows that Tom has not memorized the appropriate number of verses, but since Tom has the required tickets, and since Mr.
Walters is eager to impress Judge Thatcher, the Bible-awarding ceremony proceeds. The Judge pats Tom on the head and compliments him on his diligence. He gives him the chance to show off his purported knowledge, asking him, No doubt you know the names of all the twelve disciples. Wont you tell us the names of the first two that were appointed?
Tom does not know their names, of course, and eventually blurts out the first two names that come to his mind: David and Goliath. The narrator pleads, Let us draw the curtain of charity over the rest of the scene. At one point, the minister describes how, at the millennium the 1,year period during which Christ will reign over the earth, according to Christianity the lion and the lamb will lie down together and a little child shall lead them.
Tom wishes that he could be that childas long as the lion were tame. Bored, Tom takes from his pocket a box containing a pinchbug, or a large black beetle. The insect pinches him and slips from his grasp to the middle of the aisle at the same time that a stray poodle wanders into the church.
The dog investigates the pinchbug, receives one pinch, circles the insect warily, and then eventually sits on it. The bug latches onto the poodles behind, and the unfortunate dog runs yelping through the church until its master flings it out a window. The general laughter disrupts the sermon completely, and Tom goes home happy, despite the loss of his bug. When that ploy fails, he complains of a toothache, but Aunt Polly yanks out the loose tooth and sends him off to school.
On his way to school, Tom encounters Huckleberry Finn, the son of the town drunkard. Huck is cordially hated and dreaded by all the mothers of the town, who fear that he will be a bad influence on their children. But every boy, including Tom, admires Huck and envies him for his ability to avoid school and work without fear of punishment. Huck and Tom converse, comparing notes on charms to remove warts.
Huck carries with him a dead cat, which he plans to take to the graveyard that night.
According to superstition, when the devil comes to take the corpse of a wicked person, the dead cat will follow the corpse, and the warts will follow the cat. Tom agrees to go with Huck to the cemetery that night, trades his yanked tooth for a tick from Huck, and continues on to school. Tom arrives late, and the schoolmaster demands an explanation. Tom notices an open seat on the girls side of the room, next to Becky Thatcher.
He decides to get in trouble on purpose, knowing that he will be sent to sit with the girls as punishment. He boldly declares, I stopped to talk with Huckleberry Finn! The horrified teacher whips Tom and sends him to the seat next to Becky. Tom offers Becky a peach and tries to interest her by drawing a picture on his slate. Becky initially shies from Toms attentions, but she soon warms to him and promises to stay at school with him during lunch.
Becky and Tom introduce themselves, and Tom scrawls I love you on his slate. At this point, the teacher collars Tom and drags him back to the boys side of the room.
AnalysisChapters 46 Twain renders Toms cousin Mary as an idealized character whose total goodness leads her to forgive the faults of others. Unlike Sid, who behaves well but delights in getting Tom in trouble, Mary behaves well and attempts to keep Tom out of mischief.
Her motherly caring for Tom is manifest not only in her eagerness for Tom to learn Bible verses but also in her name, which evokes that of Mary, mother of Jesus. In the Sunday school scenes, Twain gently satirizes the tradition of making children memorize Bible verses.
He points out the cheapness of the prizea very plainly bound Bibleand relates the story of a German boy who had once recited three thousand verses without stopping and afterward suffered a nervous breakdown. In calling the boys collapse a grievous misfortune for the school since the school relied on the German boy to perform for guests , Twain implies that the students are memorizing verses not for real spiritual growth but for the sake of making their teachers and superintendent look good.
Twain furthers this implication by illustrating Mr. Walterss eagerness to display a prodigy, or extremely talented youth, for Judge Thatcher. Twains critique is compassionate, however. His intention is not to expose anything inherently unworthy in his characters but to point out universal human weaknesses.
When Judge Thatcher visits, everyone at Sunday school shows offthe superintendent, librarian, teachers, boys, and girlsin an attempt to attract the local celebritys attention.
Tom arranges to earn an honor he doesnt deserve, teachers dote on students they usually treat severely, and the superintendent gives a reward to a child Tom whom he knows doesnt deserve it.
By exposing the superficiality of the Sunday schools workings, Twain makes Toms own dramatic inclinations seem not a departure from, but an exaggeration of, his societys behavior. As Twain describes the church service in Chapter 5, he again shows Toms faults replicated in the behavior of adults. Tom is restless and inattentive in the usual childlike manner, but he is not alonethe congregation as a whole drifts toward slumber, and many a head by and by began to nod.
Toms desire to be the child leading the lion and the lamb, while misguided, demonstrates that he is at least listening to some of the sermon.
That the rest of the congregation is so easily distracted supports the idea that Toms lack of interest in and misunderstanding of the sermon constitute the universal response to the monotonous minister. By releasing the pinchbug and creating havoc, Tom succeeds in doing what the sermon cannot he gets the congregations attention.
With more people caring about the pinchbug than about the ministers fire and brimstone, the church service begins to seem as ridiculous as the struggle between the poodle and the insect. Again, however, Twains satire is not cruel. Nobody is accused of being irreligious or wicked for falling asleep during the service.
Rather, Twain exposes the comic and sometimes ridiculous elements of traditions, such as churchgoing, that bind the community together. In the scene following the church service, we meet Huckleberry Finn, one of the most famous figures in American literature. Huck enjoys what Tom and every other mischievous boy secretly wishes he could attaincomplete freedom from adult authority. Unlike Tom, who is parentless but has Aunt Polly to limit his liberty, Huck has no adults controlling him at all.
His father is the town drunkard, leaving Huck to wander as he pleaseseverything that goes to make life precious, that boy had. From a boys perspective, Huck can do all the important thingsswimming, playing, cursing, fishing, walking barefootwithout enduring the burdens of church, school, personal hygiene, or parental harassment. Given Toms inability to keep his mind from wandering during the church sermon, Huck and Toms earnest enthusiasm for superstition in their conversation about the causes of warts is particularly notable.
Tom may not be interested in memorizing Bible verses, but he and his companions are fascinated by the intricate details of charms, magical cures, and other varieties of folk wisdom. The boys unwavering belief in the efficacy of the wart cures resembles religious fervor in its dependence upon explanations that exist outside the bounds of human understanding.
They want so strongly to believe in the supernatural that when a charm seems not to work, they are quick to furnish what they consider a rational explanation for its failure rather than concede that their charms dont work at all.
After trying to study for a while, Tom gives up and he and Joe play with the tick, each attempting to keep the bug on his side of the desk by harassing it with a pin. They begin arguing midway through the game, and the teacher again appears behind Tom, this time to deliver a tremendous whack to both boys. During lunch, Tom and Becky sit in the empty schoolroom together, and Tom persuades her to get engaged to himan agreement they render solemn by saying I love you and kissing.
Tom begins talking excitedly about how much he enjoys being engaged and accidentally reveals that he was previously engaged to Amy Lawrence. Becky begins to cry and says that Tom must still love Amy. Tom denies it, swearing that he loves only Becky, but she cries harder and refuses to accept the brass andiron knob he offers her as a token of his affection. When Tom marches out, Becky realizes that he wont return that day and becomes even more upset.
SummaryChapter 8: A Pirate Bold to Be For the rest of the afternoon, Tom wanders about in a forest, first deciding that he will become a pirate, next trying a futile charm to locate his lost marbles, and finally encountering Joe Harper.
The boys play Robin Hood and then go home, in agreement that they would rather be outlaws a year in Sherwood Forest than President of the United States forever. They hide in a clump of elms a few feet from the fresh grave of Hoss Williams and wait for devils to appear. After a while, three figures approach the grave. The boys believe with horrified delight that these are the devils, but they turn out to be three adults from the town carrying out a midnight mission of their own.
Tom and Huck are surprised to discover the young Dr. Robinson accompanied by two local outcasts, the drunken Muff Potter and Injun Joe.
Robinson orders the other two men to dig up Hoss Williamss corpse, presumably for use in medical experiments. After they finish the job, Potter demands extra payment, and Robinson refuses. Injun Joe then reminds Robinson of an incident that happened five years earlier, when Injun Joe came begging at the Robinsons kitchen door and was turned away.
Injun Joe now intends to have his revenge. A fight ensues; Dr. Robinson knocks Injun Joe down and then is attacked by Potter. He uses Hoss Williamss headstone to defend himself, knocking Potter unconscious. In the scuffle, Injun Joe stabs Dr. Robinson with Potters knife. The terrified boys flee without being detected by the men. Eventually, Potter awakens and asks Injun Joe what happened.
Injun Joe tells the drunk Potter that Potter murdered Dr. Robinson in a drunken fury, and Potter, still dazed, believes him. Injun Joe promises not to tell anyone about the crime, and they part ways. Before Injun Joe leaves the graveyard, however, he notes smugly that Potters knife remains stuck in the corpse. They decide that if they tell what they saw and Injun Joe escapes hanging, he will probably kill them. Consequently, they decide to swear in blood never to tell anyone what they saw.
After taking the oath, they hear the howls of a stray dog, which they interpret as a sign that whomever the animal is howling at will die. Tom and Huck assume the dogs howls are for them, but when they go outside, they see that the dog is facing Muff Potter. Tom goes home and crawls into bed.
Sid, still awake, takes note of Toms late arrival and tells Aunt Polly about it the next morning. She lectures Tom and asks how he can go on breaking her heart; her heavy sorrow is for Tom a punishment worse than a thousand whippings. Tom goes off to school dejected.
On his desk he finds the brass andiron knob he tried to give to Becky the day before, and his anguish deepens. AnalysisChapters As his Robin Hood game shows, Tom assimilates and adheres to the conventions of the heroic and romantic stories in which he is so steeped. He memorizes situations and even exact dialogue from these stories in order to re-create them in his own games.
Toms courtship of Becky also follows the conventions of romantic literature, albeit in a somewhat adulterated form. With the ability to memorize and re-create situations according to stories and literature, Tom shows that he has highly developed mental skills.
Yet, in his conduct and interaction with others, Tom is still immature. This imbalance is evident when Tom accidentally reveals his previous engagement to Amy Lawrence and only watches, unsure of how to act, when Becky cries. His subsequent depression and decision to become a pirate manifest his preference for the youthful world of make-believe and literature over that of real-life relationships.
Toms actions at this point also foreshadow his later adventures with Huck and Joe on Jacksons Island. The graveyard scene constitutes a turning point in the plot, as it is the first of Toms adventures that has any moral significance. Up to this point, Toms adventures have been playful and innocent. As Tom and Huck witness Dr. Robinsons murder, the sordid adult world imposes itself upon their childhood innocence.
When they see the figures approaching the grave, both boys assume them to be devils, among the most terrifying things they can envision. Ironically, the presumed devils turn out to be real men who become more frightening than any childhood superstition or imagined vision.
After witnessing the crime, Tom and Hucks immediate inclination is to flee, both physically and symbolically. They run from the scene of the crime back into their world of childhood games by signing a blood oath to keep what they have seen a secret.
Tom Sawyer (The Adventures of) by Mark Twain (Free Audio Book)
Knowing nothing about Injun Joes plan to blame hapless Muff Potter for the crime, Huck and Tom assume that Injun Joe will either be caught or will escape. They are understandably afraid of what these wicked men might do to them if they find out that the boys were present at the scene of the crime.
As we later see, however, even after Potter is falsely accused and arrested, Tom and Huck are unable to overcome their fears and tell the authorities what they have seen.
Instead, their belief in superstition, their adherence to the blood oath, and their assumption that God will strike down Injun Joe for wickedly lying guide their actions. Even though the boys fear Injun Joe, they also fear superstition and, ultimately, God or a higher force that they hope will cancel out the more immediate threat from the murderous Injun Joe. Robinsons murder, some townspeople discover the doctors corpse in the graveyard, along with Potters knife.
A crowd gathers in the cemetery, and then Potter himself appears. Consequently, the sheriff arrests Potter for murder.
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Toms pangs of conscience over not telling the truth about the murder keep him up at night, but Aunt Polly assumes that just hearing about the horrid crime has upset him.
Tom begins sneaking to the window of Potters jail cell every few days to bring him small gifts. A Play in three acts for upper elementary and high school Libretto for a science fiction opera. Names: Lou Ann KirbyAdd comment. Twain by the tale. Type of Work The Adventures of Tom Sawyer : a play in three acts The Cleveland Play House has not announced its He also wrote the book to The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, a short-livedBroadway musical that is now licensed for Jenkins's Huck is His stories were in the name of Mark Twain, and people loved them.
Later, Samuel lived in New York. His book The Adventures of Tom Sawyer is about a young boy in a small town in the s. Huck Finn is his friend.
These two books are very famous. He liked playing and having adventures.
Aunt Polly was angry. You can paint the fence. His friend Jim was in the street. I like painting. Please, can I paint?
I have some fruit. Do you want it? Then you can paint. They watched Ben, and they wanted to paint, too. Tom stayed in the yard, and the boys painted. They painted the fence three times. It was beautiful and white. Tom went into the house. Aunt Polly was surprised. Aunt Polly went to the yard and looked at the fence.
She was very surprised and very happy. Then he walked home again. There was a new girl in one yard. She had yellow hair and blue eyes. She was beautiful. She went into her house.
But Tom liked Huck. The teacher was angry. Then the teacher was very angry. Tom sat near the beautiful new girl. He was happy. He looked at her. Tom went to his place. They stayed in the school yard and talked. Do you love me? Amy always walked with me. Do you want to walk with me? Tom was unhappy. Huck was there. They walked to the graveyard. They stopped behind some big trees and talked quietly. Suddenly, there was a noise.
Three men came into the graveyard—the doctor, Muff Potter, and Injun Joe. Injun Joe and the doctor talked angrily. Tom and Huck watched. Then they went away quickly because they were afraid. Injun Joe can find us and kill us, too. You killed the doctor. Tom was very sad. Take this and you can get well quickly. Peter, the cat, came into the room and looked at Tom. He went quickly out the open window and into the yard. Aunt Polly watched Peter. Go to school now.
She went into school. Tom walked away. He was very sad. Joe Harper was near the school. He was sad, too, because his mother was angry with him. The two boys walked and talked. The two boys went to the river. Huck Finn was there. Do you want to come with us? We can have a good adventure there. There was a small boat there. The boys went across the river in the small boat.
In the morning, the boys were happy again. Suddenly, there was a noise from a big boat on the river. The boys stopped playing and watched the boat. The boys listened quietly. He went home in the small boat.
He quietly went in his bedroom window. Then he went under his bed and stayed there. Aunt Polly and her friends came into his room. Aunt Polly went to sleep. Tom went out the window very quietly and went back across the river.
We want to go home. We can go to church. People are going to be very surprised! They talked about the three boys. They were sad because their friends were dead. Becky was sad, too. Suddenly, the three boys walked into the church. People were very surprised, but they were very happy, too. Chapter 5 At School Monday morning, Tom went to school. Then Tom talked to Amy. Becky watched him and she was angry. You can come on my adventure. Later in the morning, Tom talked to Amy again.
Becky talked to her friend Alfred and looked at a picture-book with him. Tom watched them and he was angry with Becky. In the afternoon, Tom waited for Becky at the school fence.And look at your mouth. Above all, Aunt Polly wants to be appreciated and loved. To this day, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer remains perhaps the most popular and widely read of all Twains works. As Tom struggles halfheartedly to learn his Bible verses, Mary encourages and entices him with the promise of something ever so nice.
As Twain describes the church service in Chapter 5, he again shows Toms faults replicated in the behavior of adults. By linking Hucks acquisition of the treasure with his assimilation into St. He also gained his pen name, Mark Twain, which is a measure of depth in steamboat navigation. His subsequent depression and decision to become a pirate manifest his preference for the youthful world of make-believe and literature over that of real-life relationships. One might also compare Injun Joe to Sid: both are motivated by malice, which they paper over with a convincing performance of innocence.
It was about a stand-off; so both of them had to whoop up their dangerous adventures, and try to get ahead THAT way.