WORLD TOGETHER WORLDS APART PDF
W94 —dc22 ISBN (pdf ebook) W. W. Since work began on Worlds Together, Worlds Apart, world history has. olhon.info - Ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read book online. Worlds Together, Worlds Apart. A History of the World: From the Beginnings of Humankind to the Present Test Bank, Sample Chapter 11, PDF. (PDF, MB ).
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Worlds Together, Worlds Apart World History Tours now operate from within the browser and iMaps for each Instructor's Manual, PDF, Access Resource. the twenty-first century is that the new forces driving global ideas, now cross . together and worlds apart, though these are dramatically dif-. s and s. Worlds Together, Worlds Apart: A History of the World: From the Beginnings of Humankind to the Present by Read online, or download in secure PDF format.
Merchants are important, as are military men and political potentates seeking to expand their polities. So are scholars and religious leaders, particularly those who believed that they had universalistic messages with which to convert others to their visions. Perhaps most important of all in pre-modern world history, certainly the most understudied, are the nomadic pastoral peoples, who were often the agents for the transmission of products, peoples, and ideas across long and harsh distances.
They exploded onto the scene of settled societies at critical junctures, erasing old cultural and geographical barriers and producing new unities, as the Arabs did in the seventh century CE and the Mongols in the thirteenth century.
Worlds Together, Worlds Apart is not intended to convey the message that the history of the world is a story of increasing integration. What for one ruling group brought benefits in the form of increased workforces, material prosperity, and political stability often meant enslavement, political subordination, and loss of territory for other groups.
The fifth and final principle is that world history is a narrative of big themes and high-level comparisons. Worlds Together, Worlds Apart is not a book of record. Indeed, in a work that covers the whole of the historical record of humankind from the beginnings of history to the present, the notion that no event or individual worthy of attention would be excluded is the height of folly. We have sought to offer clear themes and interpretations in order to synthesize the vast body of data that often overwhelms histories of the world.
Our aspiration is to identify the main historical forces that have moved history, to highlight those monumental innovations that have changed the way humans lived, and to describe the creation and evolution of those bedrock institutions, many of which, of course, endure. In this regard, selfconscious cross-cultural comparisons of developments, institutions, and even founding figures receive attention to make students aware that some common institutions, such as slavery, did not have the same features in every society.
Or, in the opposite fashion, the seemingly diverse terms that were used, say, to describe learned and religious men in different parts of the world—monks in Europe, ulama in Islam, Brahmans in India, and scholar-gentries in China—often meant much the same thing in very different settings. We have constructed Worlds Together, Worlds Apart around big ideas, stories, and themes rather than filling the book with names and dates that encourage students only to memorize rather than understand world history concepts.
While describing movements that facilitated global connectedness, this book also shows how different regions developed their own ways of handling or resisting connections and change.
Throughout history, different regions and different population groups often stood apart from the rest of the world until touched by traders or explorers or missionaries or soldiers. Some of these regions welcomed global connections.
Others sought to change the nature of their connections with the outside world, and yet others resisted efforts to bring them into the larger world. All, however, were somehow affected by their experience of connection.
Yet, the history of the world is not simply one of increasing globalization, in which all societies eventually join a common path to the present. Rather, it is a history of the ways in which, as people became linked, their experience of these global connections diverged. Besides the central theme of interconnection and divergence, other themes also stand out in Worlds Together, Worlds Apart.
First, the book discusses how the recurring efforts of people to cross religious, political, and cultural borders brought the world together.
Merchants and Preface educated men and women traded goods and ideas. Whole communities, in addition to select groups, moved to safer or more promising environments. The transregional crossings of ideas, goods, and peoples produced transformations and conflicts—a second important theme.
Finally, the movement of ideas, peoples, products, and germs over long distances upset the balance of power across the world and within individual societies. Such movements changed the relationship of different population groups with other peoples and areas of the world and led over time to dramatic shifts in the ascendancy of regions. Changes in power arrangements within and between regions explain which parts of the world and regional groups benefited from integration and which resisted it.
These three themes exchange and migration, conflict and resistance, and alterations in the balance of power weave themselves through every chapter of this work.
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While we highlight major themes throughout, we tell the stories of the people caught in these currents of exchange, conflict, and changing power relations, paying particular attention to the role that gender and the environment play in shaping the evolution of societies. The history of the world is not a single, sweeping narrative.
On the contrary, the last 5, years have produced multiple histories, moving along many paths and trajectories. Sometimes these histories merge, intertwining themselves in substantial ways.
Sometimes they disentangle themselves and simply stand apart. Much of the time, however, they are simultaneously together and apart. Formulated in this way, world history is the unfolding of many possible histories, and readers of this book should come away with a reinforced sense of the unpredictability of the past, the instability of the present, and the uncertainty of the future. It is divided into eleven chapters, each of which marks a distinct historical period. Hence, each chapter has an overarching theme or small set of themes that hold otherwise highly diverse material together.
We believe that this chapter is important in establishing the global context of world history.
We believe too that our chapter is unique in its focus on how humans became humans, so we discuss how early humans became bipedal and how they developed complex cognitive processes such as language and artistic abilities.
Recent research indicates that Homo sapiens originated in Africa, probably no more than , years ago. These early men and women walked out of the African landmass sometime between , and 50, years ago, gradually populating all regions of the world. What is significant in this story is that the different population groups around the world, the so-called races of humankind, have only recently broken off from one another. Also in this chapter, we describe the domestication of plants and animals and the founding of the first village settlements around the globe.
NEW: Discussions of the role that dogs played in human evolution and the latest findings on the origins of humans. On the flood plains of the Tigris and Euphrates in Mesopotamia, the Nile in Egypt, the Indus valley in modern-day northern India and Pakistan, and the Yellow and Yangzi rivers in China, men and women mastered annual floods and became expert in seeding and cultivating foodstuffs.
In these areas, populations became dense. Riverine cultures had much in common. They had highly developed hierarchical political, social, and cultural systems, priestly and bureaucratic classes, and organized religious and cultural systems.
But they also differed greatly, and these differences were passed from generation to generation.
The development of these major complex societies certainly is a turning point in world history. When aridity forced tribal and nomadic peoples living on the fringes of the settled populations to move closer to settled areas, they brought with them an insurmountable military advantage. They had become adept at yoking horses to war chariots, and hence they were in a position to subjugate or intermarry with the peoples in the settled polities in the river basins.
Around BCE these peoples established new territorial kingdoms in Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Indus valley, and China, which gave way a millennium later BCE to even larger, militarily and politically more powerful states.
In the Americas, the Mediterranean, sub-Saharan Africa, and the xxxvi Preface Pacific worlds, microsocieties arose as an alternative form of polity in which peoples lived in much smaller-scale societies that showcased their own unique and compelling features. NEW: Expanded discussions of how the Egyptian pyramids were built and their role in Egyptian cosmology and fuller integration of material on the environmental catastrophe that shaped the third millennium BCE.
Both states established different models that future empires would emulate. The Assyrians used brutal force to intimidate and subjugate different groups within their societies and neighboring states. The Persians followed a pattern that relied less on coercion and more on tributary relationships, while reveling in cultural diversity.
Vedic society in South Asia offers a dramatically different model in which religion and culture were the main unifying forces.
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Religion moves to the forefront of the narrative in other ways in this chapter. The birth of monotheism occurred in the Zoroastrian and Hebrew faiths and the beginnings of Buddhism. All three religions endure today. NEW: Revised and expanded discussion of the origins of Judaism. The last millennium before the common era witnessed some of the most monumental developments in human history.
Men like Confucius, the Buddha, Plato, and Aristotle, to name only the best known of this brilliant group, offered new insights into the natural world and provided new guidelines for how to govern justly and live ethically. In this era, small-scale societies, benefiting from more intimate relationships, took the place of the first great empires, now in decline. These highly individualistic cultures developed new strategies for political organization, even including experimenting with a democratic polity.
In Africa, the Bantu peoples spread across sub-Saharan Africa, and the Sudanic peoples of Meroe created a society that blended Egyptian and sub-Saharan influences. WordPress Shortcode. Published in: Full Name Comment goes here. Are you sure you want to Yes No. Be the first to like this.
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Need to set up your InQuizitive section? Sign-in to the link above and click on the "Getting Started" button for setup instructions. The free coursepack offers a variety of chapter-based opportunities for self-assessment and review.
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World History Tours now operate from within the browser and iMaps for each chapter allow students to view layers of information on each map from the text with accompanying, printable Map Worksheets. Flashcards for each chapter align key terms and events with brief descriptions and definitions, and can be flipped, printed, or downloaded. Chrono-Quizzes for each chapter challenge students to order dates in a matching quiz. Model answers and a grading rubric are provided for the open-answer portions of this activity.
Our Popular Fallacy section provides an exercise that helps to dispel common misconceptions students may have about the material in each chapter. Organized to correspond to the six periods in the AP World History curriculum framework, this robust test bank includes short-answer, long-essay, and document-based multiple-choice questions for each period, as well as a DBQ section. Cart Support Signed in as:Buddhism grew through imperial sponsorship and significant changes to its fundamental beliefs, when adherents to the faith deified Buddha and created notions of an afterlife.
Rome in the East: The most reliable evidence of fire mastery comes from cave sites. She attended all the monthly meetings during the development of the early volume. No Downloads.
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