EXTREME WEATHER AND CLIMATE PDF
Extreme Weather and Climate Change was prepared in response to questions recent years, particularly with respect to extreme weather events and related. Damage resulting from extreme weather events already imposes a heavy toll on society Governments and businesses that fail to implement prudent climate. weather and climate-related disasters resulted in 68, . Extreme Weather & Climate Change: Understanding the Link and Managing the Risk. 3 .. trieved May 19, , from olhon.info
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PDF | Weather and climatic extremes can have serious and damaging effects on human society and infrastructure as well as on ecosystems. PDF | On Dec 1, , Daniel G. Huber and others published Extreme Weather and Climate Change: Understanding the Link and Managing the Risk. Weather and climate extremes. Extreme event - the occurrence of a value of a weather variable above (or below) a threshold value near the upper (or lower).
Still, a considerable share of impacts on natural and human systems is associated with changes in weather extremes as a result of natural climate variability, and possibly also anthropogenic climate change.
GEOG 1900: Extreme Weather and Climate
An advantage for research is that impacts from extreme weather events are relatively well-documented across the globe, compared to impacts such from slow-onset events. Information on extreme weather impacts is available in observation databases on past disasters collected by humanitarian and development organisations and research institutes.
Also, records of monetary losses from extreme weather are collected by the insurance and reinsurance industry. In the disasters and climate research community, the patterns and trends in these databases have been studied extensively, and therefore several analyses are available in the academic literature on observed impacts for many locations around the world, and these analyses are discussed in this chapter.
With regard to climate losses and damages, the question is whether the records of observed disaster losses are fit for the purpose of comprehensive monitoring and analysing losses and damages from climate change.
Gall provides a critical review in this respect, and concluded that the scope of these databases needs to be broadened, in particular with respect to slow-onset events, and include other impacts besides direct economic losses, such as indirect impacts and losses.
While not exhaustive, the disaster loss records provide at this moment the best opportunity to assess and monitor changes in socioeconomic impacts, at least for extreme weather and climate change. In addition, many studies have projected future changes in risk from extreme weather events, for the purpose of disaster risk reduction planning and climate adaptation.
Extreme Weather and Climate Ahrens Samson PDF
These studies also take into account future changes in hazard, exposure and vulnerability, on the basis of physical modelling and scenarios Bouwer , and therefore serve to indicate what impacts are expected for the near and more distant future, that could inform Loss and Damage discussions. As shown in other chapters such as the contribution by James et al.
This implies that losses and damages could also include impacts from extreme weather that are not attributable to anthropogenic climate change, but simply to baseline risk that occurs because of occurrence of extreme weather.
This risk has occurred always, regardless of climate change, or occurs because of natural variability or increased exposure of people and capital. In this context, understanding present-day risks from extreme weather, and understanding the role of drivers of changes in that risk, is important for discussions on Loss and Damage.
Characteristics of Climate Change and Extreme Weather from 1951 to 2011 in China
These drivers and the way they are understood to determine risk, ultimately also determine the scope of losses and damages from these extreme events. There seems to be some agreement that the Loss and Damage debate refers to residual impacts, i.
Also, losses and damages can refer to actual impacts that have already occurred, as well as potential future risks of further impacts and damages see introduction by Mechler et al.
In this context, all drivers of weather related risks should be considered. A number of research studies hold that climate change will cause some health problems [ 2 , 3 , 4 ]. For instance, Phalkey argued that there is significant correlation between climate change and child malnutrition [ 2 ].
In recent years, climate change also plays important roles in the deterioration of air quality in developing countries and regions [ 5 ]. Climate change, given a particular time and place, could trigger extreme weather or damaging events.
For instance, floods, cryogenic disasters, and droughts are potential damaging weather events that could occur [ 8 ]. Due to global warming being accelerated by human activities, extreme climate events such as heat waves and torrential rains are becoming increasingly frequent [ 1 , 8 ].
Climate change and drastic fluctuations may lead to climatic disasters. For example, the freezing disasters may disrupt agriculture and transportation [ 9 , 10 ].
Better awareness of climate change on urban and regional scale are essential for actively responding to the adverse effects of climate change that is necessary for reducing fatalities and injuries to a large extent. Based on the assessment, we formulate and describe the characteristics of climatic change in China.
This paper presents preliminary work for clearing and delimiting the critical regions and cities for combating climate change and providing some data supports. Materials and Methods 2. Materials Based on 60 years of daily meteorological data in China, we extract the temporal and spatial variation characteristic of the temperature, precipitation, and extreme weather by using trend analysis methods and models.
We summarize the spatial pattern and aggregation feature of climate change in China and probe the climate change effect and risk trait on a region and city scale.Jump to Page. Related titles.
In this way, weather plays a major role in erosion of the surface. Abstract It has been demonstrated that climate change is an established fact.
The s saw the worst famine in France since the Middle Ages. This paper presents preliminary work for clearing and delimiting the critical regions and cities for combating climate change and providing some data supports.
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