JOSHUA FOER PDF
Foer, Joshua. Moonwalking with Einstein: the art and science of remembering everything / Joshua Foer. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. Einstein, journalist Joshua Foer describes how the same extraordinary feats of memory are possible through training, even for peo- ple with average memories. Download What to draw and how to draw it PDF Book by Joshua Foer - Joshua found himself in the world of competitive memory when he decided he wanted to .
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Einstein brings Joshua Foer to the apex of the U.S. Memory Championship and olhon.info, where you'll find links to follow him on Twitter and Facebook. Science writer and New York Times contributor. Joshua Foer used to be just like the rest of us: constantly losing his car keys and forgetting important phone. By Joshua Foer. There is a year-old woman, an administrative assistant from California known in the medical literature only as "AJ," who remembers almost.
Lesson 1: Memory has become less and less important throughout history.
Adding music to the word sequence will make it almost unforgettable. Just like adding familiar emotions or strange images to a certain poem passage. An old experiment proves it: people are way better at remembering that a person works like a baker than remembering the surname Baker. In other words, Baker is an abstract name; and the baker has a white uniform, a white hat and bakes bread. Which one of these would you remember better?
Ancient civilizations knew many of the secrets and they employed them.
Free Books on Memory Training
The modern educational system is memory-based , and yet — nobody teaches you how to memorize things. Each year he selects the best ten of his students and enters them in the US Memory Championship. Both compared to themselves from before, and their peers.
Like, for example, places or vivid things. Because there were no maps for a long period of history and because poisonous things are usually colorful and vibrant. Have you noticed how there are some things that always attract your attention?
Like sex? Or a funny joke? Or powerful emotions? As long as humans exist, these things will have the most powerful effect on you. God, what was it?
So, the next you try to memorize something, transform it into something funny, sexy, or emotional. Evolution guarantees that. Like this summary? Click To Tweet Monotony collapses time; novelty unfolds it. Click To Tweet Each time we think about a memory, we integrate it more deeply into our web of other memories, and therefore make it more stable and less likely to be dislodged.
Click To Tweet Mental athletes said they were consciously converting the information they were being asked to memorize into images, and distributing those images along familiar spatial journeys. Click To Tweet My experience had validated the old saw that practice makes perfect. Remember to read it! Learn more and more, in the speed that the world demands. And he was this incredibly tragic figure, but he was a window into the extent to which our memories make us who we are.
The other end of the spectrum: I met this guy.
This is Kim Peek. He was the basis for Dustin Hoffman's character in the movie "Rain Man. Laughter And I went back and I read a whole host of memory treatises, treatises written 2,plus years ago in Latin in Antiquity and then later in the Middle Ages. And I learned a whole bunch of really interesting stuff. One of the really interesting things that I learned is that once upon a time, this idea of having a trained, disciplined, cultivated memory was not nearly so alien as it would seem to us to be today.
Once upon a time, people invested in their memories, in laboriously furnishing their minds. Over the last few millenia we've invented a series of technologies -- from the alphabet to the scroll to the codex, the printing press, photography, the computer, the smartphone - that have made it progressively easier and easier for us to externalize our memories, for us to essentially outsource this fundamental human capacity.
These technologies have made our modern world possible, but they've also changed us. They've changed us culturally, and I would argue that they've changed us cognitively. Having little need to remember anymore, it sometimes seems like we've forgotten how.
One of the last places on Earth where you still find people passionate about this idea of a trained, disciplined, cultivated memory is at this totally singular memory contest. It's actually not that singular, there are contests held all over the world. And I was fascinated, I wanted to know how do these guys do it.
A few years back a group of researchers at University College London brought a bunch of memory champions into the lab. They wanted to know: Do these guys have brains that are somehow structurally, anatomically different from the rest of ours?
The answer was no. Are they smarter than the rest of us? They gave them a bunch of cognitive tests, and the answer was not really. There was however one really interesting and telling difference between the brains of the memory champions and the control subjects that they were comparing them to. When they put these guys in an fMRI machine, scanned their brains while they were memorizing numbers and people's faces and pictures of snowflakes, they found that the memory champions were lighting up different parts of the brain than everyone else.
Of note, they were using, or they seemed to be using, a part of the brain that's involved in spatial memory and navigation. And is there something the rest of us can learn from this? The sport of competitive memorizing is driven by a kind of arms race where every year somebody comes up with a new way to remember more stuff more quickly, and then the rest of the field has to play catchup.
This is my friend Ben Pridmore, three-time world memory champion. On his desk in front of him are 36 shuffled packs of playing cards that he is about to try to memorize in one hour, using a technique that he invented and he alone has mastered.
He used a similar technique to memorize the precise order of 4, random binary digits in half an hour. And while there are a whole host of ways of remembering stuff in these competitions, everything, all of the techniques that are being used, ultimately come down to a concept that psychologists refer to as elaborative encoding.
And I say to you, "Remember that there is a guy who is a baker. Do you remember what it was? Same word, different amount of remembering; that's weird. What's going on here? Well the name Baker doesn't actually mean anything to you. It is entirely untethered from all of the other memories floating around in your skull. But the common noun baker, we know bakers. Bakers wear funny white hats.
Bakers have flour on their hands. Bakers smell good when they come home from work. Maybe we even know a baker. And when we first hear that word, we start putting these associational hooks into it that make it easier to fish it back out at some later date. The entire art of what is going on in these memory contests and the entire art of remembering stuff better in everyday life is figuring out ways to transform capital B Bakers into lower-case B bakers -- to take information that is lacking in context, in significance, in meaning and transform it in some way so that it becomes meaningful in the light of all the other things that you have in your mind.
One of the more elaborate techniques for doing this dates back 2, years to Ancient Greece. It came to be known as the memory palace. The story behind its creation goes like this: There was a poet called Simonides who was attending a banquet. He was actually the hired entertainment, because back then if you wanted to throw a really slamming party, you didn't hire a D. And he stands up, delivers his poem from memory, walks out the door, and at the moment he does, the banquet hall collapses, kills everybody inside.
It doesn't just kill everybody, it mangles the bodies beyond all recognition. Nobody can say who was inside, nobody can say where they were sitting.
The bodies can't be properly buried. It's one tragedy compounding another. Simonides, standing outside, the sole survivor amid the wreckage, closes his eyes and has this realization, which is that in his mind's eye, he can see where each of the guests at the banquet had been sitting.
And he takes the relatives by the hand and guides them each to their loved ones amid the wreckage. What Simonides figured out at that moment is something that I think we all kind of intuitively know, which is that, as bad as we are at remembering names and phone numbers and word-for-word instructions from our colleagues, we have really exceptional visual and spatial memories. If I asked you to recount the first 10 words of the story that I just told you about Simonides, chances are you would have a tough time with it.
But I would wager that if I asked you to recall who is sitting on top of a talking tan horse in your foyer right now, you would be able to see that. The idea behind the memory palace is to create this imagined edifice in your mind's eye and populate it with images of the things that you want to remember -- the crazier, weirder, more bizarre, funnier, raunchier, stinkier the image is, the more unforgettable it's likely to be.
This is advice that goes back 2,plus years to the earliest Latin memory treatises. So how does this work? Let's say that you've been invited to TED center stage to give a speech and you want to do it from memory, and you want to do it the way that Cicero would have done it if he had been invited to TEDxRome 2, years ago.
What you might do is picture yourself at the front door of your house. And you'd come up with some sort of an absolutely crazy, ridiculous, unforgettable image to remind you that the first thing you want to talk about is this totally bizarre contest. And then you'd go inside your house, and you would see an image of Cookie Monster on top of Mister Ed. And that would remind you that you would want to then introduce your friend Ed Cook.
And then you'd see an image of Britney Spears to remind you of this funny anecdote you want to tell. And you go into your kitchen, and the fourth topic you were going to talk about was this strange journey that you went on for a year, and you have some friends to help you remember that.
Joshua Foer: Feats of memory anyone can do
This is how Roman orators memorized their speeches -- not word-for-word, which is just going to screw you up, but topic-for-topic. In fact, the phrase "topic sentence," that comes from the Greek word "topos," which means "place. The phrase "in the first place," that's like in the first place of your memory palace.
I thought this was just fascinating, and I got really into it. And I went to a few more of these memory contests. And I had this notion that I might write something longer about this subculture of competitive memorizers. But there was a problem. The problem was that a memory contest is a pathologically boring event.
Laughter Truly, it is like a bunch of people sitting around taking the SATs. I mean, the most dramatic it gets is when somebody starts massaging their temples. And I'm a journalist, I need something to write about.
I know that there's this incredible stuff happening in these people's minds, but I don't have access to it. And I realized, if I was going to tell this story, I needed to walk in their shoes a little bit.English ISBN Same word, different amount of remembering; that's weird. The lesson? It is entirely untethered from all of the other memories floating around in your skull.
Moonwalking With Einstein Summary
So I had to create spreadsheets and charts and graphs and monitor my activities. So you walk back with Einstein using the information from your memory palace.
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