PADMA PURANA ENGLISH PDF
Padma Purana. 3. Vishnu Purana. 4. Shiva Purana. 5. Vamana Purana. 6. Markandeya Purana. 7. Varaha Purana. 8. Agni Purana. 9. Kurma Purana. This is a compilation of most Puranas in Sanskrit, Hindi, English and little bit of other languages as well. Purana - Padma Purana - olhon.info Download as Word Doc .doc), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online. PREFACE This is the first part of the Padma Purana in English translation and the .
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The Padma Purana. Second among the eighteen Puranas, Padma Purana is comprised of tales of Padma-Purana praise the glory of Lord Vishnu. These tales. Padma-Purana, pdf, scans, scan, in English, download, The Padma-Purana, N.A. Deshpande, e-book, Motilal Banarsidass, all Volumes, Volume 6, Volume 1. translation of the Padma Purana: DSpace, the digital repository of the West Bengal Public Library Network, which has books in PDF format.
The Purina describes how salvation is difficult to attain. Bhumikhagda Adrsyanti was his wife Bhagavata 4. The curse pronounced by Bhrgu on Visnu is attributed to different causes in Devi Bhagavata 4. The narration or the listening to and especially the assimilation ofthis Purana is blessed.
She gave birth to the celebrated Parasara. How did the revered sage Pulastya. Jamadagni again endowed Visvamitra with power.
What desire his mind has. The sages said to the Suta: It tells about the old tradition. He who knows its derivation is absolved of all sins. Suta Said The blessed one has remained there meditating upon his forefathers. Tell us how that great sage was propitiated by that ksatriya i. And having studied even one chapter of this Purana narrated by Brahma himself. To the brahrnanas Si to declared in detail and in due order this Purana which was formerly narrated by Brahma.
Bhisma too. There is no doubt that he. Brahma's mindborn son. Having heard the words of Brahma. Where the Ganges. Matsya iii. What kind of penance or what other religious observances did he practise by which that brahmanic sage talked to him in such a way that he explained to him a section or half a section or the entire Purana?.
God Brahma was pleased with the noble one who gratified the forefathers and gods with selfrecitation. It is a a great wonder. Brahma said to his son Pulastya. At the time of his death Adrsyaeti was carrying. One should nourish Veda with Itihasa and Puranas. In the present Manvantara the name of the 26th Vyasa is Sakti.
Then Visvamitra burnt him with the help of Saudasa. We are ready to listen to it. And I have obtained the fruit of my penance since I have seen the venerable one.
Pulastya said: The other are: The characteristics of these in reverse order are: The quality of form covered the water arising out of it. The ten of sense and action organs are products of the Sattvika Vaikarika Ahatinkara. From it comes into being the aggregate i. This Vayu is indeed powerful. Tell me. The water being effected. You honour those who deserve honour. From that Vayu being effected. When did revered Visnu effect the preservation?
How was Rudra creaetd?
You are a truthful munificent king. Here i. Having come together. Bhutadil covered the sky. Being pleased with him of good behaviour and being delighted the revered one liked the seat with the water offered for washing the feet and the contents of the offering-vessel.
Then being of diverse strength. The function of these is said to be the apprehension of sound etc. Having heard these words of Bhisma. I am pleased with you who are always intent on obeisance. Odour is regarded as its quality. I have made ready this comfortable seat. Yaksas and demons. How were the earth. The sense-organs are said to be Vaikarika. You are intelligent. Tell me how i. From it arose the five elements and organs of sense.
1. Brahma Purana 2. Padma Purana 3. Vishnu Purana 4. Shiva
Since he. That god Janardana. Of him. Rajasa and Tamasa also. I At the end of the kalpa. In that egg. The egg is endowed with all these covers and all beings as the coconut seed is covered by external scabbards. Meru was the foetus. In it. He-having the entire world as his form through such states as Brahman etc. That egg gradually manifested is like a waterbubble.
For creating. Vaikarika or Sattvika. Being awake. Brahma himself proceeds towards the creation of the world. The creator creates himself. The learned declare him to manifest himself in the form of Brahma. Taijasa or Rajasa and Bhutadi or Tamasa arose from the principle of Mahat. He is regarded to be living equally everywhere. Having saluted him.
The egg has water. I shall tell you. Brahma himself. Visnu and Siva. Such is the year of Brahma and likewise are his hundred years. The day of Brahma is fourteen times this period. A period called sandhya of equal number of hundred years corresponding to thousandsthe number of years of each yuga is said to precede it i. At the end of the night which is of the same measure as the day he again brings about the creation.
Learn from me their yugas division: Those acquainted with the past say that the number of a thousand divine years in the Krta and other yugas is respectively four. Muhurtas equalling that number i. At that time all the three worlds like Bhuh. Thirty kalds make one kastha also called nimisa. The period of Manu and gods is called Manvantara. When the three worlds just become one ocean. Daksina and Uttara. With six of them an ayana is formed and a year has two such ayanas. Treta etc. How is it possible for Brahman.
The set of four called Krta. The wise one who is born is only secondarily described to be eternal.? Pulastya said 2. As the potentialities of all objects are inconceivable and inapprehensible. According to the calculation. There are fourteen Manus during one day of Brahma. The Caturyuga is said to consist of Krta. Daapara and Kali. Listen to the measure of their period: Bhuvah are consumed.
That period coming immediately after a yuga and equal to the period of a Sandhya is called Sandhyam. Manu and his sons are created at one and the same time. The period between a Sandhya and Sandhyamta is to be known as a yuga called Krta.
This span. As many i. At the end of it i. Residents of the Mahas world. The dakrinayana is the night of the gods and the uttardyana is their day. At the end of it there was the great Kalpa known as Padma. Having resorted to the form of Vedic Sacrifice. You are the creator. Then the great boar. Salutation to you. Of the second Pardrdha. When the base of the earth was struck by his hoof.
Salutation to you who are the manifest form of Pradhana the Satnkhya Prakrti. All that form which can be mentally grasped. Those desirous of salvation have attained it after having propitiated you. The sages that were between the hair on his body praised the great boar tossing his body of Veda when.
The water of the ocean struck by his breath when he rose. Only one Parardha half of the span has rolled by. Long is the life-span of that great one. Bhisma said Tell me. Nobody knows that which is your highest form. The residents of heaven worship that form of yours which you take in your incarnations.
Then the sustainer of the earth entered the water in the ocean. Kurma and Varaha. I am full of you. Salution to you. Pulastya spoke 25b The Earth said From him. When it was accomplished. The earth remained over it like a boat in a stream of water. This is exactly what was formerly shown to Brahma by Visnu. They had abundant happiness and pleasure and were open and shining from within and without.
As the movement of the animals other than man was horizontal with their faces turned to the ground the creation is said to be Tiryak-srotas. Knowing those. Then having accurately divided the earth into seven divisions. All of them were shining within and had concealed one another. Taking a wrong path they looked upon ignorance as knowledge. Lift up this earth for the well-being of the world.
This is called Mukhya Sarga as the Nagas are said to be pre-eminent in it. The beasts etc. Then from him. The god of gods who was pleased said to Visnu Self-conceited and self-loving. The beginningless supreme being. From him spontaneous creation full of darkness proceeded. This third creation was Urdhvasrotas. From the great one. It was dark from within and without. When he looked upon that as ineffective. The highest soul. The Vedas are at your feet.
The ignorant ones. This third creation of him who was pleased. Your tongue is fire. You are enhanced with energy. This creation too he thought to be ineffective. I shall create the world.
Hence they are said to be Crdhva-srotas. It is the greatness of you alone by which the movable and the immovable are pervaded. Brahma was pleased. Seeing that ineffective creation the lord thought of another creation. The ninth sarga called Kaumara is both Prakrta and Vaikrta. From it human beings. The second one of the subtle and primary elements is known as the Bhutddi sarga. Fifth is the Anugraha Sarga arranged in four ways: The pitrs looking upon him as their father were born from that body of him.
First one is the creation of Mahat. Then he took up another. The fourth one is Mukhya sarga. Eighth is the Anugraha sarga.
Then he took up another body full of activity only. They were created by Btahma creating the world and are known to be manasa. Then follows the creation of the Arvdk-srotas moving with their faces turned to the ground. Then comes the sixth one of the Urdhva-srotas known as Deva-sarga. He abandoned that body too. The immovables are known to be Mukhya.
That sarga which is described as Tiryak-srotas is also called Tiryak-yonya. The third one. Thus this is i. These nine creations of Prajapati. Then he abandoned that wicked body full of vice only. Then desiring to create the group of four. I desire to hear about them from you in detail. It is both virtuous and vicious.
The lord having created the pitrs gave up that body too. Then resorting to another body. Created due to their good and bad actions. Therefore they are full of grief and repeat the same things over and over again.
Therefore human beings are powerful when the light comes on i. These five are Vaikrrta sargas i. What else do you want to hear about the lord of the world-the creator?
They again do not know the past and the present. When he was thinking thus. That body became light. The sixth sarga creation is said to be of the beings and the like. That body. Pulastya said 84b All of them have possessions. They are rich in brilliance. Then he took up another body full of virtue only. Since they move on the lower side. Other three are known to be Prdkrta natural. Prajapati quickly gave up that former body also.
Then from Prajapati free and wicked souls were born. Inspired by cruelty and kindness. From his mouth facing the west he created samans. From his mouth facing the south he created the Tajus-formulae. Jagati metre. Having created gods.
Padam Puran English
They are known as serpents sarpa on account of their creeping sarpana. Bhisma said Brahma having duly created animals and herbs. From his first mouth i. He created sheep from his chest. He created cows and buffaloes from his belly.
The hairs of the creator who was very much afraid of them fell off. Vairupa and Atiraja. These deformed beings desiring to eat him up. From his mouth facing the north. Those beings being again and again created. From i. Impelled by the respective capacity of them. He also gave names to the sages as reported in the Vedas.
Then Brahma had a sneeze. While sucking the earth. From the limbs of his body high and low animals were created. At the beginning of the kalpa. Learn from me the wild ones: Beasts of prey.
Then the angry creator created fearful. Desirous of creation. The creator. Then Gandharvas. Tell me 0 great sage. Brhatsama and Uktha.
Trictubh metre. Brahma did all this for the accomplishment of sacrifice. They are accomplished by good human beings always engaged in good acts. There are fourteen plants used for sacrifice and found in a village and a forest. From it. From his chest sprang up those who were enhanced with activity and others and from his thigh those who were enhanced with activity and ignorance.
When Hari is well-settled in their pure minds and hearts. Brahma then created from his feet other beings. After shunning cold etc. Then they put up forts: Then that place of the nature of the Supreme Spirit is called the abode of Virinca.
Gods are satisfied by sacrifice. All those are dominated by ignorance. Along with the sacrifice they are also a great cause of the nourishment of beings. Rice with barley.
When all of them become exhausted and sin increases. So also markataka grain. Pulastya spoke These fourteen plants are said to be found in a village and a forest. Then the natural superhuman power does not quite arise in them. So also for the accomplishment of a sacrifice they are an excellent means.
Tamas darkness. In the Purana they are determined to be the nine Brahmas. That Prajapati Ruci accepted her i. Thus the beings-immovable and movable-were created.
All those whom I have enumerated before sprang up: First he gave Prasuti in marriage to Daksa and Akflti to Ruci. Kalasutra and Avicimat. All of them were having knowledge. When all these created beings of that intelligent one increased. From that couple. The flame from the anger of Brahma was capable of burning all the three worlds. Saying so. For those who condemn the Vedas and create obstacles in the performance of sacrifices and who give up their duties. Then Brahma appointed the selfexistent one.
The planets like the moon and the sun go and come. They were called Yama-devas. Kratu and Angiras also. When they were thus indifferent to the creation of the world. Daksa and Atri. That Manu. From that supreme being. From his wrath the series of burning flames arose. From the limbs of the intelligent one. That place which is said to be of i.
Priyavrata and Uttanapada. He also divided himself into many forms black and white. Twelve sons were born to Daksina from Yajfia. Then from him who meditated. Brahma then vanished. Prasuti and Akuti.
The place of i. That place which is said to be of the Seven Sages is also said to be of i. Thus addressed. Sanandana and others who were formerly created by the creator did not take interest in the worlds. From his forehead.
He divided the male form into ten and one. Brahma entertained great anger capable of burning the three worlds.
Adharma's wife was Himsa. Vapu gave birth to a son. They constantly become the cause of the destruction of the world. Laksmi to Bala. I have heard that Laksmi was born in the white ocean. Medha to Sruta. Naya and Vinaya. All these are said to be accompanied by Duhkha and are characterised by unrighteousness. Lord Bhava. From the two Maya brought forth Mrtyu. I shall now tell you the creation of Rudra as brought about by Brahma. That Sat!
The remaining eleven. How did you say that she was born of Khyati from Bhrgu? Dharma's grandson from Kama. The creator said to Rudra called Bhava. So the lord gave him seven other names. Khyati and others. Sand to Ksema. Nandi gave birth to Harsa. In the same way. Sraddha gave birth to a son. Daksa begot twentyfour daughters on Prasuti. Chapters 16, 17 describe how, when at the time of Brahma's sacrifice, his wife Savitri did not turn up in time, Brahma married the daughter of a cowherd brought by Visnu, how Savitri was angry, and how she was appeased.
In verses ff various epithets of Savitri are given. Chapter 18 narrates the importance of the river Sarasvati and the story of the cow Nanda to emphasige the importance of truthfulness.
Chapter 19 describes the killing ofVrtra and Kaleya. Chapters 20, 21 describe the importance of Dvadaivrata, gifts like LavanAcala, Gudadhenu etc. Chapter 22 tells about the birth of Agastya, Urvasi etc. Chapter 23 contains the description of the characteristics of Visnu's devotee, of Bhismadvadasi, and the advice given by the sage Dalbhya to Krsna's wives. Chapter 24 describes the vow of Angaraki Caturthi i.
Caturthi falling on a Tuesday. Chapter 25 describes the Adityasayanavrata and chapter 26 the Rohinicandrasayana-vrata. Chapters 27, 28 tell about the importance of constructing wells, tanks etc.
Chapter 29 narrates Saubhagyasayanavrata; chapter 30 Balikatha; Chapter 31 narrates the account of Sivasakti, the description of the rise of Nagatirtha, and the importance of Sraddha etc. Chapter 32 tells the story of five corpses. Chapter 33 narrates Markandeya's story and Laksmana's folly.
Chapter 34 tells about the conclusion of Brahma's sacrifice. Chapters 35, 36, 37, 38 contain the description of a few incidents from Ramayana like Rama's visit to the hermitage of Agastya. Chapter 39 tells about the recreation of the earth. Chapters describe the killing of Madhu, Kaitabha and Kalanemi. Chapters 42, 43, 44 describe the birth of Tarakasura, the marriage of Siva and Parvati and the birth of Kartikeya and the killing of Tarakasura.
Chapter 45 describes the incarnation of Narasiriiha. Chapter 46 tells about the killing of Andhakasura and the importance of Gayatri. Chapter 47 tells about Garuda's birth and his valour. Chapter 48 emphasizes the importance of brahmanas and cows. Chapter 49 describes the importance of good conduct. Chapter 50 contains the story of Narottama, Chapters 55,52 tell about the importance of a chaste woman and the conduct of a woman.
Chapter 53 stresses the importance of greedlessness. Chapter 54 narrates the story of Ahalya. Chapter 55 advises a man to curb his passions. Chapter 56 summarises the accounts told in the preceding chapters. Chapters 57, 58, 59 tell about the merit obtained by digging wells, planting trees, constructing bridges etc. The subsequent chapters 60 to 65 tell about the importance of Amalaka and Tulasi, of Ganga and Ganapati. Chapters 66 to 75 describe how the demons like Kaleya, Tareya, Hiranyaksa were killed.
The remaining chapters upto chapter 82 tell about the importance of various planets, birth of Mangala, and the pacification of planets. Bhumikhanda number of chapters : The first forty chapters deal with the fruit of obligatory and occasional gifts. Chapter 41 emphasizes the importance of chastity with the help of the story of Sudeva and Padmavati. The story is continued in chapters 48, 49, 50, 51 also.
The war between the chief of boars and king lksvaku is described in chapters 42 to The stories of Indra and Sukala, of Krkala occupy chapters 53 to Chapters 61 to 64 describe the importance of father, mother etc. Capter 65 describes the human body in such a way that nausea for it should be produced in the minds of the readers and the listeners.
Fruits of good and bad actions find a place in chapters , while enumeration of good acts is made in chapter Chapters describeYama's world. Story of Yayati covers chapters Puru's getting the kingdom is the topic of chapter 84, while chapter 85 tells the story of Cyavana and the importance of a preceptor.
The story of Kunjala and his four sons finds a place in chapter 86, and is continued in subsequent chapters upto chapter Vratas like Aunyasayana are described in chapter Krsnasatanamakhyastotra is given in the same chapter. Chapter 95 states the importance of dana. The distinction between those that go to hell and those who go to heaven is given in chapter The story of the demon Hunda, killed by Nahusa, and of Aokasundari, Nahusa's being consecrated as the king, and the account of Nahusa find a place in chapter Kunjala also tells his own account, the importance of a preceptor is narrated, and after the description of Vena's performing a horse sacrifice and going to heaven, the Khanda closes with the narration of the fruit of listening to or getting recited Padma Purana.
Svargakhand:a number of chapters 62 : This Khan"a opens with the arrival of Suta and his commencing the narration of this Khanda chapter 1. The second chapter describes Brahman, Prakrti, and the origin of the world.
Then from chapter 10 to chapter 40 the description of various rivers like Kaveri, Narmada, mountains and sacred places like Sulabheda, Bhimeivara, Varuneivara, Nageivara, Kuberabhavana, Ksetrapala, Sukla, Naraka, Daiaivamedhika, Rudravedi, Bhrguksetra, Vrsatirtha on the bank of Narmada, and also of the greatness of Narmada, of Vitastatirtha, Kuruksetra, Brahmavarta, Dharmatirtha, Yamunatirtha, Kapardeivaratirtha, Gaya, Kotitirtha is given. Chapters narrate the importance of Prayaga.
Chapters describe the greatness of devotion to Visnu, the duties of the various stages of life, prohibited deeds etc.
The last chapters tell about articles of food which ought and ought not to be eaten, various kinds of gifts, way of life of a Vanaprastha and of a Yati, the superiority of devotion to Visnu, and the importance of Padma Purdna. Brahmakhanda number of chapters 26 : The Khanda commences with the description of the characteristics of Visnu's devotee.
Then upto chapter 17, the description of the churning of the ocean, the coming up of the Halahala poison, of Alaksmi, and Laksmi, of nectar, is given. A number of tales about Janmastami-vrata, Laksmivrata are told. From chapter 18 to chapter 24variousexpiations are told.
The fruit of many gifts like that of a piece of land is stated. Chapters 25, 26 tell about the importance of the muttering of the name of the Lord and that of keeping one's promise. Patalakhanda number of chapters : The first 68 chapters of this Khanda narrate Rama's life.
The Khanda begins with the request of Saunaka ete. Rama killed Ravana, gave Ravana's kingdom to Bibhisana, and returned with Sid. On way back he showed Sita many holy places. In the end he came to Nandigrama where Bharata was staying. Chapter 2 describes the meeting of Rama and Bharata.
Chapter 3 describes Rama's entry into Ayodhya. Chapter 4 narrates how Bharata handed over the kingdom to Rama. Chapter 5 describes how his subjects behaved righteously. In chapter 6 Rama asks Agastya as to who Ravana was, and how he became so valourous. Agastya in the next i. In chapter 8 Rama asks Agastya for an expiation as he has committed the sin of killing a brahmana like Ravana. Agastya recommends the performance of an Mvamedha sacrifice. Chapter 9 tells about the requisites of an Asvamedha.
In chapter 10 it is told how Rama gets fashioned a golden image of Sita, and commences the horse sacrifice. Chapter 1 1 tells how the warriors get ready to protect the horse and how the horse proceeds towards the east. Thus upto chapter 68, the description of the horse sacrifice is given.
Some didactic chapters like chapter 10, and the account of Cyavana given in chapters 14, 15,16, fruit of Karma narrated in chapter 48 are worth reading. After the account of Rama follows the account of Krsna upto chapter The secret of the relation between Krsna and the cowherdesses, the classification of Bhakti are told in chapter Also the importance of Vaiiakha is told in these chapters.
Chapters 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, and 93, are repetition. Chapter 87 corresponds with the first 40 verses from chapter Chapters 88 to 92 which tell the importance of Vaiiakha have been taken from the Bhumikhanda ch. Somaiarman is told by Vasistha why he has obtained such a nice and Brahmavadini wife chapter In these chapters many didactic and interesting tales are told to impress upon the readers, the importance of Vaiiakha chapters Then comes the description of Siva-worship, wearing of Liriga, ashes etc.
Chapter contains an accout of Gautama's hermitage. Chapter tells the Ramastory which differs from the usual Rama-story. Chapter tells the importance of listening to a Purana. The chapter ends with the enumeration of 18 Mahapuranas and 18 Upapuarnas.
He who would comment upon these should be regarded as equal to Manu. Chapter narrates the story of Akatha and other stories. Uttarakhanda number of chapters ; The very first chapter tells what the contents of the Khanda are. Sankara says to Narada that he would now narrate to him the Uttarakhanda Out of the chapters of the Khanda, the first eighteen contain the story of Jalandhara. Then upto the 34th chapter the importance of sacred places, Tulasi, gift of food is stated.
The importance of the 24 Ekadais of the 12 months and the two of the Adhikamasa the intercalary month is told. This continues upto chapter 93, in which commences the description of the importance of Kartika, which goes on upto chapter In chapters to the importance of Magha is told. The description of the various places and rivers is geographically important.
The description of even the tributaries is given in detail. With chapter ends the description of Sabaramati, and the description of the importance of the Bhagavad Gita commences. Visnu is depicted as narrating the importance of the Gita. In chapter he tells that the eighteen chapters of the Gita are the five mouths, ten hands, the belly and the two feet of Siva. In each chapter from to , a story referring to each chapter of the Gita is given. The story is told to emphasize the importance of that particular chapter; but unfortunately not a single important principle of the Gita-philosophy is reflected in any of these chapters.
Two observations can be made: i The common man's level of understanding had gone so low that he did not easily understand the important teachings of the Gita, and ii he had implicit faith in Puranas, for he accepted whatever they taught.
With chapter begins the importance of Bhagavata. The handling of these chapters is better than those about Gita. With chapter begins the description of the importance of Yamuna. Chapter contains the story of Dilipa. The story has a remarkable resemblance with the story occurring in the first two cantoes of Kalidasa's Raghuvarina.
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The ten incarnations are described from chapter onwards. Greatness of Visnu is narrated in chapter Kriyayoga number of chapters : This Khanda is the smallest one.
After the first, which is the introductory chapter, the creation of the world and the virtues of Visnu's devotee are narrated in the second chapter. Chapter 3 gives the story of king Manobhadra. Then in chapter 4 follow the description of the importance of Ganga, and the story of Padmavat!. Chapters 5 and 6 tell the story of Madhava and Sulocana. Then there is the description of Jagannathapuri.
The remaining chapters describe the importance of Tulasi, Salagrama, Amalaka, Ekadasi, etc. But all the sins, the Purana, tells, can be destroyed by uttering the name of the Lord. The last part of the Khanda stresses the importance of this Khanda. It also says that he who will write down or cause someone else to write it down will have the fruit of worshipping Visnu. This Purana is very charming, and may the Lord be pleased with it. A glance at the contents would show that Padma Purana is Vaisnavite in nature.
It asks a person to serve Visnu's feet only 1. Those who utter Visnu's name are meritorious IV. The characteristics of the devotee of Visnu are given at the beginning of Brahmakhanda. Svargakhanda chapter 60 tells that the best Bhakti is Visnu-bhakti. Uttarakhanda narrates the greatness of Visnu in chapter He is depicted as narrating the Bhagavad Gita in the same Khanda chapter The story of Pundarika given in the 80th chapter of Uttarakhanda tells the importance of Visnu-bhakti.
He is said to be the highest god. The Visnu-sahasranama given in chapter 71 of Uttarakhanda, and its importance stated in the next chapter of the same Khanda, point to the same conclusion.
Though the Purana makes such statements as: 'That brahmana, who is not a devotee of Visnu, is said to be a heretic' VI. It says that those who look upon Visnu and other deities as one are not reborn III. As already noted, Visnu himself tells that the various chapters of the Gita are the limbs of Siva's body VI. Thus the Purina, though mainly teaching Visnubhakti is not entirely sectarian.
It divides Bhakti into three classes as Laukiki, Vaidiki and Adhyatmiki. Tirthayatras or visits to sacred places are said to give great religious merit. Svargakhanda Ch. For example Padma Purana states 1. Chapters 41 to 49 of Svargakhanda are devoted to the narration of the importance of Prayaga.
Like visits to holy places, vratas also are said to lead a human being to final beatitude with no more rebirth. The Dvadaiivrata in Sr'stikha. Like visits to holy places and observance of vratas or vows, dana or giving gifts is emphasized by Padma Purana. The first forty chapters of Bhumikhanda deal with obligatory and occasional gifts.
Also chapter 95 of the same Khan da stresses the importance of dana. Observing a fast and then giving a gift is said to be equal to the performance of sacrifices III.
In chapters 18 to 24 of Brahmakhanda fruits of many gifts like a piece of land are stated along with various expiations etc. The gift of food is highly praised VI. A householder is asked to give as much food to an ascetic as would fill his begging bowl V. Sraddhas and expiations also find a place in the Purina. Sraddha or offering of oblations to the dead ancestors is said to be meritorious.
The institution ofexpiation should not be looked down upon. From the literary point of view, it may be said that Padma Purana is not very difficult to be understood by a person who has some grounding in the Sanskrit language. Padma Purana does not have that literary charm which Bhagavata Purana possesses.
For example, the story of Ajamila is handled by Bhagavata in a better way. The Padma handles it rather cursorily. There are certain grammatical irregularities. Wrong forms like lapapsye for lapsyase 1. The Purina contains a number of subhasitas. A few examples of such subhasitas are Certain descriptions have a poetic aroma, e. Alliteration like the one in Certain definitions like those of the virtues like K,cama forbearance , Satya truthfulness , Dambha religious hypocrisy given in the 54th chapter of Svargakhanda are epigrammatic and precise.
Padma Purana is neither the work of one author, nor does it profess to abound in poetic excellences. It would not, therefore, be justifiable to judge it as a work of poetry.
It is not easy to decide the date of Padma Purana. There are clear indications of additions and omissions. It has already been shown above, while discussing the number of Khanclas and verses in Padma Purana, that certain portions were added to or taken away from the Purana. A glaring example ofcontradiction noticed in Svargakhancla chapter 50 would suffice to show that it is not the work of one hand.
Verses 20b a of chapter 50 of Svargakhancla tell that those who look upon Visnu and other deities as one are not born again, while verses 22ba of the same chapter say that those who look upon Visnu and other deities as identical fall into hell. Sometimes the smooth, easy flow of the narration is marred by a clumsy construction IV.
To sum up, Padma Purana does not belong to the class of the ancient Puranas like Visnu, nor is it historically important like Brahmanda. Like Sicanda and Bhavisya it mainly deals with vratas, danas, tirthas and lays special stress on Visnubhahti. Its contribution may be said to lie in the fact that like other Puranas of 1.
May the water of the Puskara lake purify you-the water which is clean; which is clear like the moon; in which foam is produced by the commotion of elephants' trunks and of crocodiles; which is frequented by the chief Brahmanas engaged in the observance of vows and restraints for the realisation of Brahman; which is sanctified by the sight of Brahma adorned by Omkara and the Lord of the three worlds; which is delightful due to its being fit for enjoyment; and which removes evil.
Lomaharsanar said to Ugrasravas, Vyasa's highly intelligent pupil well known as Suta who was sitting alone: 3. BP Wilson :The Narada or Naradiya Purana is where Narada has described the duties which were observed in Vrihat Kalpa, that is called Naradiya, having twenty five thousand stanzas It is communicated by Narada to the rishis in Naimisharanya , on the Gomati River. Vishnu Purana is one of the eighteen traditional puranas, which were an important genre of smriti text, and the repository of much of traditional Indian mythology Most of the puranas are highly sectarian as is the Vishnu Purana which is focused on the worship of Vishnu.
James G. Among the portions of interest are a cycle of legends of the boyhood deeds of Krishna and Rama. Naradiya Purana[ edit ] The Narada or Naradiya Purana is where Narada has described the duties which were observed in Vrihat Kalpa, that is called Naradiya, having twenty five thousand stanzas Vamana Purana[ edit ] H.
Wilson : Vamana Purana is that in which the four faced Brahma taught the three objects of existence , as subservient to the account of the greatness of Trivikrama , which treats also of the Shiva Kalpa, and which consists of ten thousand stanzas Vamana Purana is that in which the four faced Brahma taught the three objects of existence , as subservient to the account of the greatness of Trivikrama , which treats also of the Shiva Kalpa, and which consists of ten thousand stanzas.
It contains an account of the dwarf incarnation of Vishnu ; but it is related by Pulastya to Narada , and extends to but about seven thousand stanzas. Its contents can scarcely establish its claim to the character of a Purana. This story is told in the Mahabharata , with reference to the Matsya as its authority; from which it might be inferred that the Purana was prior to the poem.
It is in the form of a dialog between Vishnu and Garuda , the King of Birds Portions of the Garuda Purana are used by some Hindus as funeral liturgy …. The Garuda Purana starts with the details of the afterlife.
The final part of this text is an appeal to self-knowledge as the key to liberation , going beyond austerities and study of the texts: "The fool, not knowing that the truth is seated in himself, is bewildered by the Shastras,--a foolish goatherd, with the young goat under his arm, peers into the well.
There is a supplementary or concluding section called the Brahmottara Khanda, which contains about three thousand more; but there is every reason to conclude that this a distinct and unconnected work The immediate narrator of the Brahma Purana is Lomaharshana, who communicates it to the Rishis or sages assembled at Naimisharanya, as it was originally revealed by Brahma, not to Marichi as the Matsya affirms, but to Daksha , another of the patriarchs: hence the denomination of the Brahma Purana.
It contains fourteen thousand five hundred stanzas. This Purana, as the name implies should be a book of prophesies , foretelling what will be bhavishyat , as the Matsya Purana intimates. It is subsequent to the Itihasas ; to the chief works on grammar , rhetoric , and medicine ; and to the introduction of the Tantrika worship of Devi.
When this latter took place is yet far from determined, but there is every probability that it dates long after the beginning of our era. The materials of the Agni Purana are however, no doubt of some antiquity.
The medicine of Sushruta is considerably older than the ninth century; and the grammar of Panini probably precedes Christianity. The chapters on archery and arms , and on regal administration, are also distinguished by an entirely Hindu character, and must have been written long anterior to the Mohammedan invasion.
So far the Agni Purana is valuable, as embodying and preserving relics of antiquity, although compiled at a more recent date. It is the Purana of manifested Brahmin, which seems to be comprehensive of all topics of the Purana.
As creator of the universe we find Radha playing a role that is extremely atypical of her earlier history , the role of a mother. She is called mother of Vishnu , mother of the world, and mother of all. Brahmananda Purana[ edit ] Brahmananda Purana , has declared in twelve thousand two hundred verses, the magnificence of the egg of Brahma , and in which an account of the future Kalpa is contained, as was revealed by Brahma.
It is usually considered to be in much the same predicament as Skanda , no longer procurable in a collective body, but represented by a variety of Khandas and Mahatmyas, professing to be derived from it.
It contains fifty five thousand stanzas. The second Purana in the usual lists is always Padma, a very voluminous work, containing according to its own statement, as well as of other authorities fifty-five thousand slokas ; an amount not far from the truth. These are divided amongst five books or Khandas: 1. Srishti Khanda, or section on creation ; 2. The Uttara Khanda, last or supplementary chapter. There is also current a sixth division, the Kriya Yoga Sara, a treatise on the practice of devotion.
Most of the puranas are highly sectarian as is the Shiva Purana , which is one of the longer and larger puranas.
Chaturvedi: Linga Purana , listed eleven in the order of composition , enunciates many rituals in the text with legends and stories that date back to a hoary period. It gives details of Shiva Puja It is said to have been originally composed by Brahma and the primitive Linga is a pillar of radiance , in which Maheswara is present.Then in them arose a desire to listen to Purina.
Chapters 41 to 49 of Svargakhanda are devoted to the narration of the importance of Prayaga. A few examples of such subhasitas are The blessed one has remained there meditating upon his forefathers.
The ninth sarga called Kaumara is both Prakrta and Vaikrta.